19 September 2016

Residents of the Cotting-Burke Mausoleum II: Alexander H. Stephens

Alexander Stephens in later years. By Brady-Handy Photograph Collection (Library of Congress). Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons.As mentioned in my previous post about the Cotting-Burke mausoleum at Oakland Cemetery in Atlanta, Georgia, there once was a temporary resident housed there.  That person was none other than former congressman, former vice-president of the Confederacy, and Georgia governor, Alexander Hamilton Stephens.

Alexander H. Stephens was born 11 February 1812 in Crawfordville, Georgia.  He is often described as small and sickly.  In fact, in 1843, at the age of 31, he only weighed 96 pounds.  But he had a boldness about him that could not be denied.  Famed Georgia historian, Lucian Lamar Knight, noted Mr. Stephens as being "game to the core."

I think it's safe to say Alexander Stephens was a much beloved citizen of Georgia.  Upon his death in March of 1883, it is estimated that approximately 25,000 people lined the roadways and followed his funeral procession to Oakland Cemetery.

Per Lucian Lamar Knight in Georgia's Landmarks, Memorials, and Legends:

The funeral of Mr. Stephens in Atlanta was an occasion long to be remembered.  It was held in the hall of the House of Representatives and was marked by the presence of General Toombs who, with tear-bedimmed eyes, and in a voice husky with emotion, bade farewell to his life-long friend…Following these sad obsequies, the body of the Great Commoner was placed temporarily in the Cotting vault, in Oakland Cemetery, at the State capital…

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…but, on June 10, 1885, a committee of citizens from the town of Crawfordville brought the remains from Atlanta to Liberty Hall [A. H. Stephens' plantation home] for final interment in Georgia's soil.  The casket was accompanied by an escort of distinguished Georgians, including Governor Henry D. McDaniel, ex-Governor James S. Boynton, Captain Henry Jackson and Georgia's two United States Senators, Joseph E. Brown and Alfred H. Colquitt.  The body was met at the depot by an immense concourse of people, notwithstanding the dark clouds which overhung the afternoon sky.

Years later, a large monument –- "a statue of the wondrous little giant among statesmen" -- was placed at the final resting place of Alexander H. Stephens.  Among other sentiments inscribed on the monument, is this:

The defender of civil and religious liberty.
He coveted and took from the republic nothing save glory.
Non sibi, sed aliis.

Ezratrumpet at the English language Wikipedia [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/)], from Wikimedia Commons

The Latin phrase, Non sibi, sed aliis, translates to "Not for ourselves, but for others." This is the motto on the colonial seal of the state of Georgia. Stephens' home is now part of A. H. Stephens State Park.

18 September 2016

Residents of the Cotting–Burke Mausoleum: David and Frances Cotting

The Cotting – Burke sarcophagus type mausoleum stands in Oakland Cemetery at Atlanta, Georgia.  It contains a couple of prominent individuals, and also temporarily housed another.  Today, I'd like to share the obituaries for David and Frances Cotting.  He was Secretary of State for Georgia, and she was a "leading social light." They both died of pneumonia, though 29 years apart.

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Savannah Daily Advertiser (Georgia)
Friday, 9 October 1874 -- [via GenealogyBank]

Death of David G. Cotting.
Mr. David G. Cotting, who has been suffering for sometime [sic] from a complication of disorders, died on Sunday night.  The immediate cause of his death was pneumonia.

Judge Cotting was born in Delham, Massachusetts, on the 28th of September, 1812, and was, therefore, over sixty years of age.

After graduating he devoted four years to the study of Greek and Latin.  He moved to Washington, Wilkes county, in this State, where, for a short while, he engaged in school teaching.  He was the editor for several years of the News and Planter, published in Washington, Ga.

In the early part of the war he was one of the editors of the Augusta Chronicle and Sentinel, and in 1861 became one of the editors of the Augusta Evening Dispatch.

In 1860 and 1861 Judge Cotting, while conceding the right of secession, contended that to secede was suicidal and against our best interests.  At the close of the war he advocted the holding of a convention by the white people, urging that the negroes would hole one and make a constitution inimical to us.  Most of the present constitution was, we are informed, framed by him.  In 1868 he was elected by the legislature Secretary of State.  Gov. Bullock, however, never consulted Judge Cotting on any of his measures, except when he was called as a member of the State Board of Education to decide upon text books.  The Judge Cotting voted against the books of Northern publishers which contained in them allusions to the "rebel Lee," "the rebel Johnson," etc.

Judge Cotting was a man of ripe scholarship and strong integrity of purpose.  During his life his honesty and uprightness were never questioned, for all who knew him had the fullest confidence in him.

He leaves behind him a stricken family who mourn his loss as indeed irreparable, and scores of his friends throughout the country who will revere his memory.  -- Atlanta Constitution

100_3608Union Recorder (Milledgeville, Georgia)
1 December 1903 -- pg. 1 [via Georgia Historic Newspapers]

Mrs. Frances L. Cotting Dead.

From the Atlanta Journal, 28th.
Mrs. Frances L. Cotting, wife of the late Judge David G. Cotting, Secretary of the state of Georgia from 1868 to 1873, died yesterday afternoon at the residence of her son-in-law, Captain J. F. Burke, 1 Peachtree Place.

Mrs. Cotting had been ill with pneumonia for seven days and this was the cause of her death.  She was 79 years of age.

Mrs. Cotting and her husband came to Atlanta from Washington, Ga., when the latter was elected secretary of state.  For many years she was one of the leading social lights of Atlanta, although of late years she had been unable to attend to her social duties on account of feeble health.  She was widely known, and has hundreds of friends over the state, who will regret to learn of her death.

Relatives and friends of Mrs. Cotting and Captain and Mrs. Burke are requested to attend the funeral, which will take place tomorrow afternoon at 2:30 o'clock at the residence of Captain and Mrs. Burke.  The following gentlemen are requested to meet to-morrow afternoon at 2:16 at the residence:  Ex-Governor R. B. Bullock, Judge L. E. Bleckley, B. B. Crew, L. E. O'Keefe, Judge George Hillyer, Dr. R. D. Spalding, General A. J. West, and Dr. W. L. Wilson.

...The interment will be at Oakland cemetery.

This mausoleum is featured in Atlanta's Oakland Cemetery: An Illustrated History and Guide, and it is listed in Resting Places: The Burial Sites of More Than 14,000 Famous Persons.

10 September 2016

Mortuary Art of Sculptor John Walz, from Savannah's Bonaventure to Macon's Rose Hill

I didn't believe it at first.  But then I found a newspaper article that confirmed it.  John Walz, well known German born sculptor of Savannah, Georgia, was commissioned to carve a statue of Bertha Wolff – and that statue was delivered to and placed in Rose Hill Cemetery at Macon, Georgia.

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I am deeply in love with Macon's Rose Hill Cemetery.  It's one of the few things I was sad to leave when we moved to the mountains.  But it doesn't get oohed and ahhed over quite as much as Savannah's Bonaventure Cemetery.  Over 100 pieces of mortuary art found in Bonaventure are attributed to John Walz.  To know a piece of art by a sculptor who helped give Bonaventure some of those oohs and ahhs was located in Rose Hill, tickled me pink.

Think you don't know John Walz? Well, maybe you do.  One statue he carved out of marble is pretty well known.  If you visit Bonaventure, you'll find directions pointing to it, and you will likely find a few people already there taking photos.  The statue is simply known as GRACIE.

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Gracie died at a Savannah hotel run by her father.  She was about seven years old and suffered from pneumonia.  Gracie's father took a photo to John Walz, and asked him to carve a monument in her likeness.

The next several images (all from Bonaventure Cemetery) are of sculptures by John Walz.

Baldwin Family Memorial at Bonaventure Cemetery

Peter & Mary Schafer Angel at Bonaventure Cemetery

Hartmann Infants at Bonaventure Cemetery

This next couple of images are of the statue for Gertrude Bliss McMillan, placed about 1905.

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And, finally, images of Bertha Wolff's statue at Rose Hill Cemetery in Macon, Georgia.  It's a lot like Gertrude's.

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More information about John Walz and Bertha Wolff can be found at the Rose Hill Cemetery blog.

Disclosure: The products above are affiliate links, which means I may receive a very small commission if you click a link and buy something. This helps to support my research projects and blogging activities, and also makes my two dogs' tails wag.  Hopefully, the purchase benefits you, too!  The price you pay will be no different than if you arrived at the same destination through any other link. My opinions are my own, to be sure. If I link to a product and say I like it -- I truly like it! Thanks for reading, following, and supporting this Southern Graves blog.

08 September 2016

Most Lifelike Little Lamb for Mary

100_7765"For you know that it was not with perishable things such as silver or gold that you were redeemed…but with the precious blood of Christ, a lamb without blemish or defect." (I Peter 1:18-19)

What's more valuable than silver or gold?

A pure and innocent child, without spot or blemish.

That's why lambs are in cemeteries.  To represent the innocence and purity of those little lives lost.

Proof that Mary had a Little Lamb.

(Yep.  I had to go there.)

In a cemetery located in southern middle Georgia, the city of Perry, is a tombstone placed for "Little Sissie" – Mary Derrille Culler.  She was a daughter of Dr. & M. S. Culler, who died at the age of just 1 year and 9 months.  The lamb sculpted and placed atop her stone is one of the most lifelike I have ever seen.

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A tidbit of religious history I found interesting was with Douglas Keister's entry for the Lamb in his book, Stories in Stone: A Field Guide to Cemetery Symbolism and Iconography (2004).  He wrote (pg. 74):

Christian, Jewish, and Muslim cultures all have their sacrificial lambs tied to vernal (springtime) rites of renewal:  Jewish Passover, Christian Easter, and Muslim Ramadan.

So the symbolism of the Lamb crosses at least a few cultural boundaries.

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100_0207Here is more of the epitaph inscribed on Mary's tombstone:

Beneath this stone in sweet repose
Is laid a parent's dearest pride
A flower that scarce had waked to life
And light and beauty ere it died
God in his wisdom hath recalled
The precious boon his love had given
And though the casket moulders here
The gem is sparkling now in Heaven

Sleep on, sweet one.

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Top image from Old Blairsville Cemetery at Union County, Georgia.
Rest of images from Evergreen Cemetery at Perry, Georgia.
All © 2011-16 S. Lincecum

07 September 2016

Come. On. Fall. (Wordless Wednesday)



06 September 2016

Anchors and the Virtue of Hope in the Cemetery

100_3651I haven't written about symbols in the cemetery in quite some time.  Today, I'm highlighting the anchor.

In addition to the "heavy object attached to a rope or chain used to moor a vessel to the sea bottom" definition for the word anchor, a dictionary offers this:

a person or thing that can be relied on for support, stability, or security; mainstay.

to keep hold or be firmly fixed.

Unless there is an obvious naval or nautical connection, an anchor in the cemetery generally represents hope.  This symbol can be traced back to the Bible and Hebrews 6:19 --

Which hope we have as an anchor of the soul, both sure
and stedfast, and which entereth into that within the veil.

Memory Hill Cemetery

Matthew Henry provided the following commentary on the anchor as a symbol of hope, Biblically speaking:

What use the people of God should make of their hope and comfort, that most refreshing and comfortable hope of eternal blessedness that God has given them…We are in this world as a ship at sea, liable to be tossed up and down, and in danger of being cast away. Our souls are the vessels. The comforts, expectations, graces, and happiness of our souls are the precious cargo with which these vessels are loaded. Heaven is the harbour to which we sail. The temptations, persecutions, and afflictions that we encounter, are the winds and waves that threaten our shipwreck. We have need of an anchor to keep us sure and steady, or we are in continual danger. Gospel hope is our anchor…in our stormy passage through this world…

Hope is also one of the three theological virtues in Christian tradition, the others being Faith and Love (or Charity).  "Hope [is] a combination of the desire for something and expectation of receiving it, the virtue is hoping for Divine union and so eternal happiness." [Wikipedia]

The virtue of hope sculpted in human form can also be found in the cemetery, almost always with an anchor.

Memory Hill Cemetery-001

Top image from Oakland Cemetery in Atlanta, Georgia.
Middle and last image compilations from Memory Hill Cemetery in Milledgeville, Georgia.
All © 2011 - 16 S. Lincecum.

Disclosure: This post contains affiliate links, which means I may receive a very small commission if you click a link and buy something. This helps to support my research projects and blogging activities, and also makes my two dogs' tails wag.  Hopefully, the purchase benefits you, too!  The price you pay will be no different than if you arrived at the same destination through any other link. My opinions are my own, to be sure. If I link to a product and say I like it -- I truly like it! Thanks for reading, following, and supporting this Southern Graves blog.

31 August 2016

Sunset from the Cemetery (Wordless Wednesday)



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