30 December 2009

Southern Epitaphs (& My Most Recent Favorite)

It's no secret. If you follow this blog (and I hope you do!), then you know I like epitaphs. I often highlight the ones I find particularly touching in some way.

I started collecting the epitaphs some time ago and placing them in a database online using the blog format. I am attempting to categorize and uncover meanings. If you'd like to check it out, it's here --> Southern Epitaphs.

By the way, here's my latest favorite. It was found at the Waverly Hall Cemetery in Harris County, Georgia.

Seaborn K. O'Neal
Born Sept 20th, 1838
Died June 3rd, 1871

Oh! could you but see my repose
Where dangers no more shall annoy,
Your feelings you then would compose,
And think of me only in joy.

Heaven Bore Away the Prize of John T. Whitehead

The tombstone for John T. Whitehead has a lot going on -- a glowing epitaph, quotes, Bible scripture, and symbols of the urn and hourglass.

Sacred To The Memory Of
John T. Whitehead
In All Life's Relations He Exemplified The Virtues Of The Christian And Gentleman, And Won The Love Of All. He Was Beloved By His Family, Cheerful In Company, Conscientious In Spirit, Successful In Business, Patient In Affliction, And Victorious In Death. The Love Of This Community Claimed A Longer Stay, But Higher Attraction Prevailed, Earth Yielded, And Heaven Bore Away The Prize. The Key To His Most Triumphant Death Is Found In His Dying Request, To Be Put Upon His Tomb, "I Am A Man Of Prayer."

Born March 27th, 1816
Died September 11th, 1860

"I am the resurrection and the life: he that believeth in me, though he were dead, yet shall he live: And whosoever liveth and believeth in me shall never die."

"Let sickness blast, let death devour,
If heaven must recompense our pains.
Perish the grass, and fade the flower,
If firm the word of God remains."

The last quote is from the last verse of a hymn by Charles Wesley, Jr. entitled "The Morning Flowers Display Their Sweets." It references Isaiah 40:6-8 in the Bible.

At the top of Mr. Whitehead's tombstone is an urn. This form of funerary art has been written about before on this blog, and you may read about it here.

Placed near the bottom of the urn is an hourglass that looks to me to be within a lyre without the strings. The hourglass symbolizes the passing of time. The lyre, kin to the harp, may represent heavenly desires.

29 December 2009

Frances Lowe was All the Wife & Mother Could Be (Tombstone Tuesday)

Frances E. Kilgore
Wife of Henry L. Lowe
Born Aug 4, 1834
Died Nov 28, 1877

A loving mother and devoted wife has gone to her rest, and the light has gone out in the happy home. Graces with those rare virtues which are peculiar only to her sex, the deceased was all the wife and mother could be. Her sorrowing husband to whom she had been a faithful and loving companion for so many happy years, now that she is gone will cherish her memory and children whom she has tenderly reared will arise up and call her blessed.

This ledger marker is located at Waverly Hall Cemetery in Harris County, Georgia.

Photo copyright © 2009 S. Lincecum.

28 December 2009

I Wish I Could Credit the Carver of Susan's Tombstone

This wonderful piece of art is located at Waverly Hall Cemetery in Harris County, Georgia. The inscription:

In Memory Of
Susan A.
Consort Of Anderson G. Jones,
And Daughter of Wm & Catherine Whitehead
Born In Harris Co, GA Sept 5th, 1834,
And Died In Harris Co, GA Feby 2nd, 1861

A constant Christian,
a devoted Wife and fond

The few photos I have here do not do justice to the intricate carving involved. The vining work is very pretty. I looked for a signature, but did not notice one.

23 December 2009

Hearts & Hands (Wordless Wednesday)

22 December 2009

Henry & Mariah Lowe (Tombstone Tuesday)

Laid to rest in Waverly Hall Cemetery; Harris County, Georgia are General Henry H. and Mrs. Mariah A. Tarver Lowe. Their marble tombstone has inscriptions on all four sides:

To the memory of
Mrs. Mariah A. Lowe,
consort of Genl Henry H. Lowe,
formerly Miss M. A. Tarver,
Born Sept 30th, 1807,
Married Aug 26th, 1821,
Died Nov 27th, 1852.
In but few characters was ever so happily blended all the elements of female virtues and attractions. Modest, refined, cultivated and dignified. Kine, forbearing, benevolent, liberal and just.

Father this cup of sorrow,
We'll drink as did thy Son,
Teach us in resignation,
To say "Thy will be done."

In Memory Of
Genl Henry H. Lowe
Who Was Born 4th Nov 1795
And Died July 8th, 1854
This stone marks the resting place of one whose influence and character were felt in his day: a man of strong will and unwavering purpose, of untiring industry and unyielding perseverance, he made for himself fortune, name and position. And while his excellent sense and sterling character gained for him positions of public preferment, his warm and generous heart won for him friendship which will long offer a tear to his memory. May the sod rest lightly on his brave and noble heart.

To live in hearts we leave behind, is not to die.

[Note: General Henry Lowe was a very prominent figure in Harris County, Georgia. He owned a large plantation, and even hosted a dinner for ex-President James K. Polk.]

20 December 2009

Today's Epitaph: Mrs. Fannie Pitts Dwelleth in Heaven

Mrs. Fannie M.
Wife of S. H. Pitts
And daughter of Thomas & Mary A. Whitehead
Born Nov 4th, 1842
Died Aug 14th, 1873

She dwelleth in heaven, yet deep in our hearts
Her image is graven, and never departs.
And while we yet linger, we watch and we wait
Till death who has parted, again shall unite.

Ledger marker located at
Waverly Hall Cemetery;
Harris County, Georgia.

19 December 2009

Grapes, Wheat & a Dive-Bombing Dove

This tombstone for Virginia Crook (d. 1859), located at Waverly Hall Cemetery in Harris County, Georgia, contains several Christian symbols.

The cross and book (likely representing the Bible) is common enough, and the symbols widely known. The dove is also often seen and represents peace and purity. I learned something else about the dove when it is depicted as "dive-bombing" from Heaven -- it represents the Holy Ghost, as written in John 1:32-34 -

32 And John bore witness, saying, "I saw the Spirit descending from heaven like a dove, and He remained upon Him.
33 "I did not know Him, but He who sent me to baptize with water said to me, 'Upon whom you see the Spirit descending, and remaining on Him, this is He who baptizes with the Holy Spirit.'
34 "And I have seen and testified that this is the Son of God."

The other items I have not often seen are the grapes and wheat. Grapes alone could symbolize the blood of Christ. Wheat alone may depict immortality and resurrection. When the two are shown together, it is thought to represent wine, bread, and Holy Communion.

17 December 2009

Calm, the Good Man Meets His Fate (& a Masonic Funeral Ritual)

This monument is erected by order of the most worshipfull Grand Lodge of Georgia, to the Memory of their former Grand Chaplain, Reverend Thomas Darley, who departed this life, 18th April A.L. 5832, A.D. 1832, in the 63rd year of his age: and who was a shining light to his Masonic Brethren, to imitate in his walk, as a man, Mason, and Christian.

Rev. Darley was laid to rest at Waverly Hall Cemetery in Harris County, Georgia. According to a death notice found in a local paper, he left behind a wife and 16 children. On the back side of Rev. Darley's monument is the following epitaph:

"Calm, the good man meets his fate,
Guards celestial around him wait!
See! he bursts these mortal chains,
And o'er death the victory gains."

While the symbol and inscription on the gravestone clearly states Rev. Darley was a Mason, there are a couple of other clues you might not be aware of that further bolster this fact. Though I have yet to find a simple explanation as to how, the letters and numbers A.L. 5832 have ties to the history of freemasonry.

Also, the epitaph is connected to Masonic history. A Google search of the first line of the epitaph, "Calm the good man meets his fate," reveals a poem written by David Vinton (1774-1833). Mr. Vinton was a prominent member of the Masonic fraternity as a member of Mount Vernon Lodge No. 4 of Providence, Rhode Island. He compiled and published a hymnal entitled "The Masonic Minstrel" in 1816. The epitaph on Rev. Darley's stone is the final stanza in a dirge included in the book set to "Pleyel's Hymn." A dirge is a somber song expressing mourning or grief, such as would be appropriate for performance at a funeral.

That leads me to Funeral Service: Most Worshipful Grand Lodge of Ancient Freemasons. While the link leads you to information from a pamphlet distributed in South Carolina, the information appears to apply to all members of the fraternity. Though I cannot say for sure how often this funeral ritual was actually performed (or if it was used at the funeral for Rev. Darley), here are a few highlights:

"No Freemason can be interred with the formalities of the Order, unless it be at his own request, or by that of some of his family, communicated to the Master of the Lodge of which he died a member (foreigners and transient brethren excepted); nor unless he has received the Master's degree; and from this restriction there can be no exception. Fellow Crafts and Apprentices are not entitled to funeral obsequies; nor to attend the Masonic processions on such occasions.

When the Master of a Lodge receives notice of a Master Mason's death, and of his request to be interred as a Mason, he must satisfy himself of its propriety; and then, being informed of the time appointed for the funeral, the Master may invite as many Lodges as he may think proper, and the members of those Lodges may accompany their officers in form; but the whole ceremony must be under the direction of the Master of the Lodge to which the deceased belonged, and he and his officers must be duly honored and cheerfully obeyed on the solemn occasion.

The proper clothing for a Masonic funeral, is a black hat, black or dark clothes, white gloves and a plain white lambskin apron, with a band of crape around the left arm above the elbow, and a sprig of evergreen on the left breast. The Master's gavel, the Warden's columns, the Deacon's and Steward's rods, the Tiler's sword, the Bible, the Book of Constitutions, and the Marshal's baton, should be draped with black crape. The officers of the Lodge and past Masters and Grand Officers, may wear their official jewels.

The brethren being assembled at the Lodge room, or some other convenient place, the Master of the Lodge to which the deceased belonged opens the Lodge in the third degree. A procession is then formed to the house of the deceased and thence to the grave...

...When the procession arrives at the gate of the church-yard, the Lodge to which the deceased brother belonged, and the mourners and attendants on the corpse, halt, until the members of the other Lodges have formed a circle round the grave, when an opening is made to receive them. They then advance to the grave; where the clergyman and officers of the acting Lodge take their station at the head of the grave, and the mourners at the foot. The Marshal will remove the apron from the coffin to be handed in to the Master at the proper time; the coffin is then lowered into the grave and after the clergyman has concluded the religious services of the church, (unless the same have been previously concluded) the Masonic service begins...

...[After words are spoken according to ritual] They then form a chain, with the left arm over the right, and march three times around the grave, while they sing the... [Pleyel's] hymn..."

More words according to ritual are spoken, and the members return to the lodge and close with the usual benediction.

Another interesting note connecting to Rev. Darley: he would've been one to perform a service such as this for a Grand Officer, during the time he was Grand Chaplain.

15 December 2009

Members of Kennon Family Killed by a Storm in 1875 (Tombstone Tuesday)

In March of 1875, at least three tornadoes touched 18 counties in the state of Georgia. In Harris county, at least six members of the Capt. John H. Kennon family were killed. They were laid to rest in the Waverly Hall cemetery.

An account of the disaster in the 30 March 1875 Macon Weekly Telegraph says this: "...At Mt. Airy, the house of Capt. John Kennon was whirled around, and portions of it carried half a mile. Mrs. Kennon was killed with her two grown daughters, a son aged seventeen, a daughter of twelve, and a baby. Their bodies were scattered along the road for 50 to 150 yards, and everything else was gone. The bones of all were broken and they had received severe gashes..."

Here is an additional article that describes more of the storm. I transcribed the whole article for those that might have genealogical interests. After this transcription is a link to even more articles from other newspapers detailing the destruction of the storms.

Augusta Chronicle
24 March 1875
"Around Columbus
[Special to the Herald]
COLUMBUS, GA, March 22 -- Storms occurred Saturday between 11 and 12 o'clock. There appeared to be four whirlwinds, or tornadoes, one near Whiteville, in Harris county; another from Harris county into Meriwether; another near Hamilton, and another from Harris through Talbot. The two first created immense havoc to property, but no lives were lost; the one near Hamilton killed three children of H. W. Pitts, and badly wounded two others, one having both legs, both arms and a thigh broken, and injured Pitts and his wife. The latter is bereft of reason from grief. Every house on its course, for twenty miles in length and a half mile in width, was levelled, trees blown down and carried hundreds of feet, and fences scattered everywhere; furniture, clothing, stock, etc, all gone, and the people suffering on account of the destruction of food. The fourth was most destructive, for, twenty miles in length and half a mile in width, its path is marked by ruin and devastation. The little village of Mount Airy, in Harris county, was totally destroyed; not a house standing. The wife and five children -- four grown, three of which were young ladies -- of Capt. J. H. Kennon were killed and their bodies blown from fifty to one hundred yards, and Captain Kennon was hurt in the shoulder. Two of his sons were saved, being absent from home. Mr. Hunt was injured in the spine, Wm. McGhee had two ribs broken, and goods and clothing scattered all around; Maj. John H. Walton escaped narrowly, his residence being demolished; teacher Clark and wife are mortally wounded, and their child had an arm fractured; rev. J. B. McGhee had his jaw broken, and was injured internally; his daughter and son injured; Tom Neal was hurt and his house utterly blown away. Baughville, Talbot county, was completely demolished. Elisha Culpepper was killed, and his wife and daughter-in-law was seriously wounded, and Mrs. Burdell had both legs broken. Among others badly hurt are Mrs. Miller B. Phillips, Mrs. Bradshaw and son, a daughter of Prof. Chaplin, and a son of Capt. C. Calhoun, in all ten whites and sixteen negroes killed and five churches demolished, six stores and four school houses destroyed. Total loss over one hundred thousand dollars. Columbus has voted four thousand dollars to the sufferers. Hamilton and Talbotton escaped by a mile and a half. Direction of the storm was northeast. A gentleman came in on the Southwestern train this morning for six coffins for one family -- that of Capt. John Kennon, his wife, three daughters, and two sons."

Read even more accounts of the devastating storm here.

**Update:  Just received an email from Mr. Allen Henderson.  His grandfather, Rev. Charles Kennon Henderson, placed the markers for the KENNON family.  Capt. John H. Kennon mentioned in the article was the uncle of Rev. Henderson.  Those lost in the storm were descendants of Dr. John Kennon, a prominent settler of the area.  Dr. Kennon is believed to also be buried at Waverly Hall cemetery.  Thanks, Allen, for the information! (11/18/2010)

14 December 2009

Michael Gannon, Stone Cutter

The above signature is carved into a marble ledger marker located at Waverly Hall Cemetery in Harris County, Georgia. A little research led me to Mr. Michael Gannon. Census records suggest he was born between 1812 and 1820 in Ireland. He was naturalized in Charleston, South Carolina in the year 1847.

Michael and family are found in the 1860 US Federal Census for Charleston, South Carolina. They are in Ward 3, enumerated on page 9, dwelling 58, family 54 (lines 5-12):

Michael Gannon / age 40 / male / occ: Stone Cutter / b. Ireland
Mary Gannon / 35 / F / b. Ireland
John Gannon / 17 / M / South Carolina
Michael Gannon / 15 / M / South Carolina
Mary Ann Gannon / 13 / F / South Carolina
William J. Gannon / 7 / M / South Carolina
Thomas F. Gannon / 2 / M / South Carolina
James Gannon / 28 / M / occ: Stone Cutter / b. Ireland

By 1870, the craft was being passed on to his son, as both the elder and younger Michael were listed as Stone Masons. A second son, William, joined in as a stone cutter by 1880.

Michael worked at the marble yard located at 170 King Street in Charleston, per the Shole's Directory of the City of Charleston of 1878 and 1879 and the South Carolina State Business Directory of 1880 and 1881.

M. Gannon died 2 December 1881 at his home in Charleston.  Per his death certificate, Michael's age was 65 and his occupation was Stone cutter.  Burial was at St. Lawrence Cemetery.

South Carolina, Death Records, 1821-1965

Another researcher notes Michael Gannon's technique resulted in "distinctive lettering." An example below is from the aforementioned Waverly Hall Cemetery in Harris County, Georgia.

Note:  When we took a road trip to Charleston last year, we stayed at the historic Francis Marion hotel located on King Street. Just think -- we were right by where the marble yard was, and where Mr. Gannon worked more than 120 years ago! Very cool.

12 December 2009

Today's Epitaph: Sleep on Dearest!

Sacred to the memory of
Mrs. S. C.
Wife of W. A. Stansell;
And daughter of N. and E. Passmore,
Born 14th Novr 1833
Died 12th March 1863
Aged 29 years, 3 months and 28 days.

Sleep on Dearest! sweetly beside thy infant babes,
On the resurrection morn thou and they
Shall rise again.
Angels guard they sleeping dust.
W. A. S.

This ledger marker is located at Waverly Hall Cemetery in Harris County, Georgia. The stone carver was "M. Gannon, Chn. S. C." Nearby is Mrs. Stansell's mother -

In memory of
Mrs. Elizabeth
Wife of Nathan Passmore
and daughter of John E. & A. Lester
Born Nov. 8th, 1809,
Died May 20th, 1869
Aged 59 years, 6 months & 12 days

Sweetly sleep Wife, Mother
Thy home is in Heaven, where thou
wilt taste the joys and pluck the ambrosial
fruits of Paradise.

11 December 2009

Dum Tacet Clamat

I've photographed many Woodmen of the World memorials, and I think this is the best image I've captured of their slogan, Dum Tacet Clamat. It translates to "though silent, he speaks."

Woodmen of the World is the largest fraternal benefit society with open membership in the United States. It is an insurance organization founded by Joseph Cullen Root in Omaha, Nebraska on the 6th of June, 1890.

The first certificate of membership was issued to William A. McCully of Independence, Kansas on the 29th of December, 1890. Six months later, Woodmen paid its first death claim on the life of teenager Willie O. Warner who drowned on the 14th of June, 1891, in Niles, Michigan.

Early Woodmen of the World policies provided for a death and a monument benefit. Gravestones were originally furnished to members for free and later were offered to those who purchased a $100 rider.

To learn more, visit "Woodmen of the World Memorials" on the Southern Graves website.

Note: The photo is of the treestone placed for Jesse H. Short (25 Sept 1878 - 25 Apr 1943) at the Waverly Hall Cemetery in Harris County, Georgia.

10 December 2009

Slideshow: Riverside Cemetery in Asheville, North Carolina

09 December 2009

Fannie's Headless Angel (Wordless Wednesday)

06 December 2009

Starnes Tree of Life & Death

This beautifully carved "treestone" is located at Riverside Cemetery in Asheville, Buncombe County, North Carolina. I do believe it is one of the most life-like I've ever seen. This particular tree stump memorializes the STARNES family. On the back of the stone is a plaque with all the names of the family members, as well as birth and death years for each.

Thomas A. Starnes
1818 - 1897
His Wife
1825 - 1896

Family of
Thomas Albert Starnes, 1818-1897
& Elizabeth Morgan Starnes, 1825-1896
Avaline S. Smith (Mrs. R. S.), 1843-1924
Caroline S. Ownbey (Mrs. Sims), 1844-1914
Mary Ann S. Reeves (Mrs. T. C.), 1846-1889
Martha S. Clark (Mrs. W. P.), 1848-1908
John Wesley Starnes, 1849-1898
Margaret E. Starnes, 1851-1926
Thomas Charles Starnes, 1854-1899
Jesse Russell Starnes, 1856-1913
George Haskew Starnes, 1857-1922
Dr. E. Clingman Starnes, 1859-1900
Eva Marian Starnes, 1863-1864
Gonano Starnes, 1865-1945
Ida Zone Starnes, 1867-1930

I also found a couple obituaries for STARNES family members John W. and Jesse R. on GenealogyBank.

23 December 1898
Charlotte Observer, North Carolina
A Well-Known Educator of Asheville Succumbs to Disease

Special to The Observer.
Asheville, Dec. 22 -- Hon. John W. Starnes, a well-known educator of Buncombe, died at his home here to-day, of acute catarth[?] of the head. Mr. Starnes was a native of this county, 40 years old, was formerly superintendent of the Buncombe public schools for seven years and his administration was marked by ability and progressiveness. Some years ago he represented this county in the lower house of the General Assembly, his colleague being Gen. Robert B. Vance. Mr. Starnes always took a deep interest in the educational progress of the State and was for one term a member of the board of trustees of the State University. His death is deplored by a very large circle of friends through out Buncombe and western North Carolina. His wife and two sons survive him."

27 August 1913
Asheville Pioneer Citizen Dies at Age of 60

(Special to The Observer)
Asheville, Aug 26 -- Jesse R. Starnes, one of Asheville's pioneer citizens, died at his home on North Main street yesterday, following a year's illness. Mr. Starnes was a native of this county and was a large property owner in this city. He has practiced law for the past 20 years and for several years has been interested in one of the city's leading undertaking and livery establishments.

The deceased was 60 years of age and is survived by a wife and two children. He was a consistent member of the First Baptist Church and held memberships in several fraternal orders which have lodges at this point.

The funeral services will be conducted Wednesday afternoon from the home of the deceased."

05 December 2009

Zebulon's Grandfather

For this week's Tombstone Tuesday, I wrote about North Carolina's "greatest man," Zebulon Baird Vance. In a newspaper article about him that I found and transcribed here, Zeb's grandfather is described. Luckily, I had also photographed a stone while at Riverside Cemetery in Asheville, not far from where Zebulon was laid to rest, that memorializes this grandfather as well as a few additional members of his family. On each of the fours sides of the stone, a different family member is remembered.

David Vance
Born in Frederick County, Va, of Scotch Irish parentage about 1750. Died in Buncombe Co, N.C. in 1811. He was a soldier at King's Mountain in the Patriot Army in 1780. One of the earliest settlers of Buncombe and the first clerk of the County Court.

Priscilla Brank
Wife of David Vance
Born in Rowan Co, NC in 1756 of German parentage. Reared a family of eight children and died in 1836.

Robert Brank Vance, M.D.
Youngest son of David and Priscilla. Born in...[?]...1794. Died in 1827. He was a physician of much promise, well versed in English lit, and a politician of note. He served as member for this District in the XVIIIth Congress.

David Vance
Son of David and Priscilla, born in Reems Creek, Buncombe Co, NC July 15, 1792. Died Jan 14, 1844. Succeeding to the name and Virtues of his Father, was highly esteemed as a modest and upright citizen and Christian gentleman. He was an Elder in the Presbyterian Church.

01 December 2009

North Carolina's Greatest Man (Tombstone Tuesday)

Zebulon Baird Vance
May 1830
April 1894

Riverside Cemetery
Asheville, Buncombe County, North Carolina

Zebulon Vance was a Confederate military officer during the Civil War, twice Governor of North Carolina, and U.S. Senator. He was a remarkable writer and became one of the most influential Southern leaders of the Civil War and postbellum periods. He was much beloved by his home state, as is conveyed in the following newspaper article describing his funeral.

19 April 1894
State, South Carolina
Renewed and Continuous Demonstrations of their Great Love for Their Dead Senator, Made by North Carolinians Yesterday

Asheville, N.C., April 18 -- At the hour of noon today the remains of the late Zebulon B. Vance are being deposited in their last resting place overlooking the beautiful French Broad river in this "Land of the Sky," a fitting spot for the last repose of a great man.

The funeral train arrived just after dawn from Raleigh, with committees of both houses of Congress, the Governor and other officers of State and three cars of distinguished friends of the dead Senator.

Notwithstanding the late hour at which the train passed Hickory, Morganton and other stations, large crowds pressed into the funeral car and demanded to see the remains. The demonstration at Asheville is the greatest of the occasion.

The body was placed in the First Presbyterian Church at 8 o'clock, and from that hour until 11:30 thousands of people from his native county of Buncombe passed to take a last look.

An immense crowd of Confederate veterans, followed by different fraternal organizations, the Asheville Light Infantry, and Bingham cadets, filed by.

Mrs. Vance spent a half hour in private with her dead husband and asked that she be the last one to see his face.

The procession was then formed, reaching almost from the church to the cemetery, a distance of two miles.

The crowd that marched out to the cemetery was estimated at 10,000.

Friday will be observed here as memorial day for the whole State and an immense throng is expected.

The crowd thronged the stations along the way to Asheville, delayed the train by their urgent demands to see, at least, the casket, and they filled the funeral car with magnificent floral offerings. Each hamlet added beautiful flowers, marked "From the Ladies to Our Zeb," and when Asheville was finally reached the funeral car was opened for the last time, it required the aid of a company of militia to remove the floral tributes. The Asheville Light Infantry escorted the remains from the train to the church and mounted guards over them, while the reverent crowds passed to take a last look at the beloved familiar face. The scene was especially touching when the Confederate veterans took leave of their old commander. After these came several of the Senator's old slaves.

The procession to the cemetery was formed in the following order: Mounted police, Asheville Light Infantry, Bingham cadets, pall bearers in carriages, special escort of Rough and Ready Guards surrounding the hearse, Family of the deceased, Congressional committees, Governor and staff, city and county officers, Masonic Order, Survivors Association, Grand Army of the Republic, Odd Fellows, Knights of Pythias, Royal Arcanum and Knights of Honor. These were followed by different labor organizations and the entire city fire department.

The procession, both civic and military, numbered about 10,000, while thousands looked on as spectators. The streets through which the procession passed, were draped in mourning, and from the front of the county court house hung a large portrait of the dead Senator, while stretching from the belfry on both sides to the ground were cords, from which waved the marine signals, which spelled "We Mourn for Zebulon Vance."

The ceremony at the grave was exceedingly solemn and was conducted by Rev. Dr. Campbell of the First Presbyterian church, after which the floral offerings were gracefully placed and thus North Carolina buried a son whose place may be partly filled in the council halls of the nation, but never in the hearts of her people.
[Update: I continued to do a little more reading about Mr. Vance and came across an editorial from a 1905 newspaper regarding him and his career. While the article as a whole is an opinion, I believe it does provide a glimpse into United States, North Carolina, and VANCE history. I transcribed it, and it is available here on the Southern Graves website.]

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