30 August 2011

Dedicated by Fraternal Affection to Perpetuate the Memory of Henry Smith (Tombstone Tuesday)

Is dedicated by Fraternal
Affection to perpetuate the
who departed this life
OCTOBER 31ST 1829,
Aged 21 years.

Lawrenceville Historic Cemetery, est. 1819
Gwinnett County, Georgia

Photo © 2010/1 S. Lincecum

26 August 2011

Mrs. Mary Ann Mitchell Seemed Familiar

In Memoriam
buried near this spot
Born March 21, 1809 Jackson County, Georgia
Died March 20, 1836 Lawrenceville, Georgia
daughter of Colonel Tandy Key and Ann Cochran Key
wife of Madison Redd Mitchell
and their children
Sarah ?elton 1827-1916
wife of Moses W. Dobbins
Thomas Hanby 1830-1876
Tandy Key 1832-1923
Martha Virginia 1834-1835

It went unnoticed to me at the time of the visit and photograph. But when I sat down to see if I could find out a little bit more about Mrs. Mary Mitchell, she seemed a little familiar to me. The name on the stone that leaped out at me was Madison Redd Mitchell, Mary's husband. I went back through my files and found the connection. Madison Redd and his (and Mary's) son Thomas Hanby was buried at Fairview Presbyterian Church Cemetery in Lawrenceville, GA. The graveyard is not far from Mary's burial location of Lawrenceville Historic Cemetery. Both are in Gwinnett County, Georgia.

I actually wrote about Thomas and his epitaph about 2 1/2 months ago here on this blog. I love it when this happens! The situation helps prove the notion that studying all the cemeteries in a particular location will surely result in family connections and more accurate family (as well as community) histories. Don't you agree?

23 August 2011

A Mother and Her 2 Sons Perish in 1888 (Tombstones Tuesday)

In Memory Of
Mary Moore
Wife of Dr. John R. Moore
Born July 31, 1823
Died May 19, 1888
She was a member of the Presbyterian Church.

In Memory Of
Jon Victor Worth Moore
Son of Dr. John R. & Mary Moore
Born Aug 20, 1866
Died May 17, 1888

In Memory Of
Andrew Liston Moore
Son of Dr. John R. & Mary Moore
Born April 30, 1843,
Died June 30, 1888
He was a member of the Presbyterian Church
a true Christian, a more kind harted man
never lived, would do any thing in his power
for a friend.
Asleep in Jesus.

All are resting in Lawrenceville Historic Cemetery at Gwinnett County, Georgia. The father, John R. Moore, M.D. (1812-1884), and sister Mary E. Moore (1846-1875) are also nearby.

All photos © 2010/1 S. Lincecum.

22 August 2011

His Exit was Calm and Peaceful

City and Suburban Affairs
DEATH OF NATHAN L. HUTCHINS. -- We regret to learn that Judge Nathan L. Hutchins died at Social Circle last night at eleven o'clock. His exit was calm and peaceful. Full of years and honors at the age of seventy-one years, Judge Hutchins fell asleep, leaving the memory of a well spent life behind. He was loved by the people of Gwinnett and adjacent counties as a father, and his death will carry sadness into many a family circle. - Atlanta Constitution (Georgia), 12 February 1870

According to his obelisk tombstone in Lawrenceville Historic Cemetery at Gwinnett County, GA, Nathan Louis Hutchins was born 11 April 1799 in Pendleton District, South Carolina. A sketch in Memoirs of Georgia (Southern Historical Press, 1895) states he was "a very prominent lawyer in his day...His father was without means, and the greater part of his education was acquired by studying at night by the flickering light of a pine knot." His profession as a lawyer was from March 1822 to July 1857. Then he was elected Judge of the western circuit of Georgia. The same sketch also describes Nathan Louis Hutchins as "a man of extraordinary nerve and of unflinching courage, and one of the most affable and kindly disposed."

Nathan Hutchins married Mary Dixon Holt in 1829. Thus far, I have found ten children attributed to them. Five of their sons took part as officers and/or soldiers in the Confederate Army during the Civil War. Nathan described their service in his Application for Presidential Pardon, dated 1865:
I had five sons all subject to military duty but one The four joined companies one in Columbus Ga one in Milton - one in Cobb & the other in this [Gwinnett] county - The minor left school & went to Virginia I had him withdrawn & returned home. - he afterward again went off to join the army was again sent back by his older brother soon after that in July 1863 he became subject to conscription and was beyond my control - one of the five was killed two badly wounded - the health of one broken down - but the four survivors who I am told were good officers & soldiers have returned all now as loyal to the union & constitution of the U.S. as any of your citizens - prepared to fight as hard & endure as long for the union...
Using the National Park Service's Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, following are the five sons with their unit information:
- Andrew J. Hutchins - 2nd Reg GA Reserves; 19th Reg GA Inf
- C. L. Hutchins (aka Clarence Hutchins) - 16th GA Inf; 3rd Battn Sharpshooters
- P. R. Hutchins - 3rd Battn GA Sharpshooters
- Wiley N. Hutchins (aka W. N. Hutchens) - 20th Reg GA Inf
- Nathan L. Hutchings (aka N. L. Hutchins, Jr.) - Co I 16th Inf Reg; 3rd Battn Sharpshooters

15 August 2011

No More Gallant Spirit has Been Offered Up on the Altar of His Country (Military Monday)

Capt. W. N. Hutchins
"The painful rumor of the last two days has been confirmed, and Columbus has to mourn the death of the above named most estimable citizen and gallant and meritorious officer.

He was the oldest son of Hon. N. L. Hutchins, Judge of the Superior Courts of the Western Circuit, and nephew and law partner of Col. Hines Holt, of this city. At the commencement of our struggle, he held the position of Assistant Secretary in the Provisional Congress -- which would have exempted him from military service.

But he felt that his country needed his services in the more active duties of the field, and at once surrendered all else in obedience to this sense of duty and of patriotism. Though of frail and feeble constitution, no man has been more continuously at his post, and no more gallant spirit has been offered up on the altar of his country.

Peace to his ashes -- and honor, all honor to his memory!" [Columbus Daily Enquirer (Georgia), 25 September 1863]

Capt. Wiley Napoleon Hutchins of Company G, 20th GA Regiment, Confederate States Army, was killed at the Battle of Chickamauga 20 September 1863. He was born at Lawrenceville, GA 14 March 1834 to Nathan L. and Mary D. Hutchins. Wiley was a brother to Clarence Linden Hutchins, John Mitford and Polk Francisco Hutchins, and Harriet Hutchins. The back of his tombstone reads as follows:

As Son, Brother, Friend, Lawyer, and Soldier
He was dutiful, affectionate, generous, faithful, and gallant.
The tenderest are the braves.
The noble are the daring.

12 August 2011

More About the Veteran of Many Wars, Brig. Gen. Alfred Iverson

Since this year marks the beginning of the sesquicentennial of the American Civil War, I thought I'd give you a little more information about Mr. Alfred Iverson. The following is an 1898 biography from the American Civil War General Officers database online at Ancestry:
Brigadier-General Alfred Iverson

Brigadier-General Alfred Iverson was born at Clinton, GA, February 14, 1829, the son of Senator Alfred Iverson, who married Caroline Goode Holt.

Young Iverson spent his childhood in Washington City and in Columbus, Ga. He was at the military institute in Tuskegee, Ala., when the Mexican war began. Though only seventeen years of age he was so eager to go to the war that his father allowed him to leave school and enter a Georgia regiment that he had been largely instrumental in equipping.

After his service in Mexico he commenced to study law in his father's office at Columbus, GA, but soon grew tired of that and began contracting on railroads in Georgia.

In 1855 he received the appointment of first lieutenant in the First United States cavalry, a regiment just then authorized by Congress. He recruited a company, mostly from Georgia and Kentucky, and reported for duty to Col. E. V. Sumner at Jefferson barracks, Missouri.

He was sent to Kansas during the troubles in that territory in 1856. While stationed at Carlisle, Pa., he married Miss Harriet Harris Hutchins, daughter of Judge N. L. Hutchins, of Gwinnett county, Ga.

He was in the expedition against the Mormons and on frontier duty at Fort Washita, Indian Territory, and engaged in expeditions against the Comanches and Kiowas.

When Georgia seceded from the Union, Lieutenant Iverson resigned his commission in the United States army, and going to Montgomery, then the capital of the Confederacy, offered his sword to the new republic. He was appointed captain in the provisional army of the Confederate States, and ordered to report to General Holmes at Wilmington, N. C.

Here he was put in command of companies at the mouth of the Cape Fear river. Upon their organization in a regiment known as the Twentieth North Carolina, he was elected colonel and commissioned August 20, 1861.

His command remained in the Cape Fear region until a few days before the Seven Days' battles at Richmond. Gen. D. H. Hill, in a description of the battle of Gaines' Mill, said:
"We discovered that our line overlapped that of the Federal forces and saw two brigades (afterward ascertained to be under Lawton and Winder) advancing to make a front attack upon the regulars. Brig.-Gens. Samuel Garland and G. B. Anderson, commanding North Carolina brigades in my division, asked permission to move forward and attack the right flank and rear of the division of regulars.

The only difficulty in the way was a Federal battery with its infantry supports, which could enfilade them in their advance. Two regiments of Elzey's brigade, which had got separated in going across that swamp, were sent by me, by way of my left flank, to the rear of the battery to attack the infantry support, while Col. Alfred Iverson, of the Twentieth North Carolina, charged it in front. The battery was captured and held long enough for the two brigades to advance across the open plain." This referred to the battle around the McGehee house.

Colonel Iverson was wounded during the Seven Days' battles, but when Hill's division reinforced Lee after the Second Manassas, he was in the field again, and participated in the battles of South Mountain and Sharpsburg. General Garland having been killed in Maryland, Colonel Iverson was made brigadier-general, November 1, 1862.

At Chancellorsville and Gettysburg he led this brigade. He was after these battles ordered to relieve Gen. H. R. Jackson at Rome, GA, where all the State forces were collected. When these were sent to other points and Bragg had fallen back upon Dalton, Iverson was put in command of a Georgia brigade of cavalry in Martin's division of Wheeler's corps.

He shared the arduous duties and brilliant victories of the cavalry during the campaign of 1864. Near Macon, with 1,300 men, he defeated Stoneman's force of about 2,300 men, and at Sunshine church cut off and captured Stoneman himself with 500 of his men.

After the war he settled in Macon, where he engaged in business until 1877. He then moved to Orange county, Fla., in which State he has since resided, engaging in orange culture.

In 1878 he married the second time Miss Adela Branham, daughter of Dr. Joel Branham. He at present (1898) resides at his orange grove near Kissimee, Osceola county, Fla.

Source: Confederate Military History, vol. VII, p. 424
Photo by dt07 via
According to Where They're Buried, Alfred Iverson, Jr. was laid to rest at Oakland Cemetery in Atlanta after his death on 31 March 1911. A partial transcription of his ledger marker:

Alfred Iverson, Jr.
Brigadier General,
Confederate States Army.
Clinton, Jones County, Georgia,
February 14, 1829.
Atlanta, Georgia,
March 31, 1911.
He Was The Son Of
Alfred Iverson, Sr.
United States Senator For Georgia,
Caroline Goode Holt.

11 August 2011

Harriet Hutchins Leads to Alfred Iverson

In Memory of
Wife of
A. Iverson J'r.
Daughter of
Born at Lawrenceville, Ga.
March 7th, 1837
Died July 29th, 1861

Harriet, a sister of Clarence Linden, as well as John Mitford and Polk Franciso Hutchins, rests in Lawrenceville Historic Cemetery at Gwinnett County, Georgia. I don't know much about Harriet beyond what information is on her tombstone. I do know that she and Mr. Iverson had two daughters, Julia and Minnie. It appears that Minnie was born about the time of her mother's death, so the two events may be closely related.

When photographing Harriet's tombstone, I had no idea who A. Iverson, Jr. was. Turns out he was a well-known brigadier general during the Civil War. Upon his death in 1911, I think he was laid to rest in Oakland Cemetery at Atlanta, GA (though a newspaper item says different). An obituary from the 1 April 1911 Columbus Daily Enquirer (Georgia) follows:
Oakland Cemetery photo
by dt07 via FindAGrave

Veteran of Many Wars Died at Home of Daughter Friday -- Funeral Saturday.

Atlanta, Ga., March 31 -- At the age of 82 years Gen. Alfred Iverson, a veteran of the Mexican war, Civil and Indian wars, died at the home of his daughter, Mrs. L. Randolph, in Ansley park, this morning. General Iverson was the son of United States Senator Alfred Iverson, of Columbus, Ga. Up to a short while ago he resided in Kissimmee, Fla.

General Iverson entered the Mexican war at the age of 17 years. Following the war he was made first lieutenant of cavalry, and was engaged in the Indian fights. Later he took part in the campaign against the Mormons, and led frequent expeditions against the Comanche and Kiowa Indians. He had served in seven wars.

At the outbreak of the civil war General Iverson resigned his command in the United States army, and recei[v]ed the appointment of captain in the Confederate army. He was later made colonel in the 20th North Carolina regiment, and then general.

He served in Virginia at all the great battles until after the battle of Gettysburg, when he came to Georgia to relieve Gen. H. R. Jackson, at Rome. With only 1,300 men and four pieces of artillery he captured Major General Stoneman, the only major general imprisoned during the war, taking at the same time 2,300 men and 30 pieces of artillery.

General Iverson was married twice, his first wife being Miss Harriet Harris Hutchins, daughter of Judge N. L. Hutchins, of Lawrenceville. By his first wife he had two daughters, Mrs. Julia Iverson Patton, who died several years ago, and Mrs. Minnie Iverson Randolph, of Atlanta. He also leaves four grandchildren, Richard, Priscilla and Minnie Patton and Beverly Randolph. His second wife was Miss Adela Branham, daughter of Dr. Joel Branham, of Atlanta.

The funeral will be held at the Randolph home in Ansley park, Rev. W. W. Memminger officiating, the hour to be announced later. The interment will occur in Kissimme, Fla., Monday, under the direction of the Iverson chapter of Confederate veterans.

09 August 2011

In Memory of Mrs. Sarah D. Dyer (Tombstone Tuesday)

In memory of
Consort of H. Dyer,
and Daughter of
Richard & Henrietta Woolfolk.
Born near Salem N.C.
Dec. 20, 1797,
Died at Lawrenceville
Ga. Feb. 2, 1860.

Lawrenceville Historic Cemetery, est. 1819
Gwinnett County, Georgia

Photo © 2010/1 S. Lincecum

04 August 2011

Of Such is the Kingdom of Heaven

marks the Grave of
Infant son of:
who was born at 2 O'Clock P.M.
16th March 1842
and died of Scarlet Fever
at 2 O'Clock A.M.
4th February 1843

But now he is dead; why
should we fast? Can we bring
him back again? We can get
to him, but he will not return
to us. 12th Chap. Sam'l, 23rd V.

marks the Grave of
infant son of
N. L. & M. D. Hutchins,
who was born 15th January 1849
and died of Con[sumption?]
22 October 1849

But Jesus said, suffer little children,
and forbid them not to come unto me.
For of such is the kingdom of Heaven.
Matthew, 19th Chap. 14th Verse

Two box tombs from the HUTCHINS family plot at the Lawrenceville Historic Cemetery in Gwinnett County, Georgia.
Photos © 2010/1 S. Lincecum.

03 August 2011

Clarence Linden Hutchins: A Confederate Cadet in the Care of His Brother

Tombstones for C. L. Hutchins & his wife Lulu Starr.
Clarence Linden Hutchins was born 21 January 1844 in Georgia to Nathan L. Hutchins and Mary D. Holt. He died 8 March 1917 in Spartanburg, South Carolina. The tombstone placed for him in Lawrenceville's Historic Cemetery at Gwinnett County, GA states he was "A noble soldier."

In viewing the compiled service record for C. L. Hutchins online at Fold3, we learn that he was an officer in training -- a cadet -- from the start of the war. Page two of his service record states he "Appears on a Register of Appointments, Confederate States Army." He was appointed from Georgia 30 August 1861 and delivered to the Honorable Howell Cobb and the 16th Regiment, Georgia Infantry. Some time after Clarence appeared on a regimental return for the same organization in February 1862, we find him with the 3rd Battalion, Georgia Sharpshooters. He "Appears on a report of Staff Officers on duty in Wofford's Brigade."

Next we learn about C. L. Hutchins, the Prisoner of War. He "Appears on a register of Prisoners of War at Old Capitol Prison, Washington, D.C." He was captured 6 April 1865 at Sailor's Creek, Virginia, then sent to Johnson's Island, Ohio 17 April. After a couple of months, Clarence signed an Oath of Allegiance to the U. S. and was released. Here is one of only a couple of places where we find a rank other than "cadet" for Clarence. He was listed as "2 Lieut, C. S. Army." Also included was a bit more information: his place of residence was Lawrenceville, GA; he was 21 years of age; his complexion was "florid" [highly colored, red, flushed]; his hair was dark; his eyes were hazel; and his height was 5' 6".

Some other items in his service record consist of pay vouchers and clothing requests (1 pair of shoes and 3 pairs of socks). He was paid an officer's wage of $80 a month, but his clothing requests state the following: "I certify the above requisition is correct, and that the articles specified are absolutely requisite for the public service, rendered so by the following circumstances: Cannot otherwise supply my self." Each of these documents was signed by Clarence Hutchins.

I get the sense that during the Civil War, Clarence had a "desk job" (if there was such a thing). That's not to minimize any danger he faced, or that things he saw no young man should ever have to see, of course. One of the last pages of his service record is a letter. In it, we find that Clarence actually requested to be transferred to the 3rd Battalion, Georgia Sharpshooters. Why? Read on:
[From] Army of Northern Virginia
19th July 1863

[To] Gen'l S. Cooper
Agt & Inspr Genl
Richmond, VA

I have the honor to apply to be relieved from further duty with the 16th Ga Regt, with which I have been serving since September of 1861, and to be assigned to duty with the Battalion of Sharp Shooters, (of Wofford's Ga Brigade) which is commanded by my brother.

Having been originally assigned to the 16th Ga Regt __?__ request, through Col. (now Gen'l) Howell Cobb, because of my brother being connected with that regt, and he being in command of the above mentioned battalion, I respectfully ask that my application be considered and granted.

Very Resp[ectfully]
Your Obe[dient] Servant
C. L. Hutchins
Cadet, Infty C.S.A.
16th Ga Regiment

19th July, 1863
I respectfully request that Cadet Hutchins' application to be assigned to duty with my command be approved and granted. In addition to the reasons stated, his service would be valuable to the command at this time.

N. L. Hutchins Jr.
Lt. Col. 3rd Battn Ga S.S.
Nathan L. Hutchins, Jr. was the second oldest son of N. L. Hutchins, Sr. and Mary D. Holt. He was about ten years older than Clarence, and in my opinion, his caretaker during the Civil War. What do you think?

02 August 2011

A Good Man Gone (Tombstone Tuesday)

Sacred To The Memory Of
John Howell Spence
Born Aug. 2, 1859,
Died Nov. 14, 1883.

A Good man gone.

I know that my peace
is made with God.
John was a son of James D. Spence and Frances Louisa Patrick. All three rest in Lawrenceville Historic Cemetery at Gwinnett County, Georgia.

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