16 December 2015

Buford Calhoun, from Mother's Arms (Wednesday's Child)

Buford P. Calhoun
Born Mar 17, 1914
Died May 7, 1915

From mother's arms
to the arms of Jesus.

Pine Ridge Cemetery
Pinehurst, Dooly County, Georgia

15 December 2015

Martha Thombley in the Peaceful Grave's Embrace (Tombstone Tuesday)

Martha T. Thombley
Born Feb 2, 1832
Died Nov 24, 1900

Dearest loved one we must lay thee,
In the peaceful grave's embrace.
But thy memory will be cherished,
Till we see thy heavenly face.

Pine Ridge Cemetery
Pinehurst, Dooly County, Georgia

13 December 2015

Lillis Roundtree Doles Assassinated! Lynching Ensued.

Once in a while I come across a tombstone that sends a little shiver down my spine. That ever happen to you?

While visiting the Pine Ridge Cemetery in Pinehurst, Dooly County, Georgia (founded 1883), I came across a badly broken stone that seemed to tell of a dastardly deed done in 1885. Resulting in what was likely one of the earlier burials in the cemetery. The woman died young, married one year and dead the next, and the word assassinated was conveyed. (See what I mean? A little shiver, I tell ya.)

The following photos are from 2011. I've included what I *think* was the tombstone inscription underneath the second image.

Filling in the gaps with Lillis' FindAGrave memorial, this is what I got:

[Something with "Memory"]
[Li]llis C. Doles
Da[ugh]ter of Wm A. & M. [L.] Roundtree
Wife of [J]essey Doles
Was [B]orn April 21, 1868
Wa[s Ma]rried June 19, 1884
[Joine]d the Pr[imit]ive
Baptist Church Aug [1,] 1884
And Was [Ass]assinated
March 28, 1885
Blessed Are the Pure in Heart
for They Shall See God

Want to know what happened? I'll let an article from the 31 March 1885 Macon Telegraph (Georgia; pg. 4) fill in "the particulars." Caution: there is some nasty history ahead.

A Mob in Dooly County Take the Law in Their Own Hands.

MONTEZUMA, March 20 [sic] -- The full particulars of the Dooly county murder have just come in and prove it to have been one of the most revolting crimes committed lately.

Jesse Doles, a young farmer living seven miles from Vienna, the county seat of Dooly county, was on Saturday afternoon plowing in his field, not very far from his house. His wife was as usual attending to the domestic affairs. About 3 o'clock in the afternoon the aspect of weather was threatening, and Mr. Doles unhitched his mule and started home before the usual time. Reaching the house and entering he saw his wife stretched upon the bed, lifeless, her throat cut from ear to ear, her head stabbed and arms considerably bruised, and showing every evidence of having been most brutally assaulted. She had been raped. Wild with grief, Mr. Doles sought his neighbors and told the terrible tale.

The search began, and the next morning the murderer was caught near the place where the crime was committed. George Rouse was his name, an ex-convict, a coal black negro. He confessed his guilt to the arresting posse and requested to be guarded and not jailed. The arrest was made early Sunday morning.

Sunday night the guards were overpowered by a mob of cool but determined men, and after Rouse's body had been mutilated, he was stripped and was hung, and is now hanging in full view of passers-by from Montezuma to Vienna. Some of the prominent negroes of this county insisted on taking charge of the prisoner and burning him at the stake, but the whites would not yield him up.

When Rouse was caught, he was splotched with the lady's blood, and he had cut out the knee of his pantaloons to avoid detection.

This is one of the many cases in which the acts of these worthy Dooly county lynchers will be sustained.
While it might appear that justice was served, remember the history of the South and the practice of lynching. It's likely many victims of Judge Lynch were innocent. While I certainly mean no disrespect to the memory of Lillis Roundtree Doles, nor is it my intent to minimize her suffering, I challenge you to not assume George Rouse was guilty. May they both rest in peace.

12 December 2015

Mary Cone: Memories Chasen Grief (Today's Epitaph)

Mary and her husband Thomas F. Cone (1860-1935) are buried at Pine Ridge Cemetery in Pinehurst, Dooly County, Georgia. It's Mary's epitaph that caught my eye, as well as my heart.

Mary E.
Wife of T. F. Cone
Mar 30, 1859
Dec 10, 1918

May God use the memory of
her life to chasen our grief.

11 December 2015

Cemetery AKAs

As in, also known as.

Most seasoned researchers, cemetery or genealogy, know that cemeteries sometimes are known by more than one name. I want to post about one that is a bit confusing in the hope someone out there can enlighten me.

This cemetery is in a field at the intersection of Bowen and Findlay roads in Vienna, Dooly County, Georgia. According to the cemetery information at FindAGrave, this is known as Porter Family Cemetery. The notes also say it was once family land.

This makes good sense to me, since many burials are of the Porter surname.

However, when poking around the lives of some of the residents of the cemetery, I found it to be called by another name. First, is George Seago. I found an entry for him in the book Confederate Soldiers of Dooly County, Georgia by M. Secrist (page 57, highlight mine).
Seago, George W. -- Private in Company F, 57th Regiment Georgia Infantry, Crawford County, Georgia, "Bragg Rifles," May 1864. Surrendered at Greensborough, N. C., April 26, 1865. Born in Houston County, Georgia, January 31, 1847, son of Jeremiah (who served in the war with him) and Bethia (Self/Selph) Seago. Soldier died Vienna, Georgia, July 14, 1924; buried at Sandy Mount Cemetery in Vienna, Dooly County, Georgia.

Then there's Miss Nora Seago. I found a funeral notice for her in the 26 February 1936 Macon Telegraph (Georgia). [Page 6, highlight mine.]
Deaths and Funerals

VIENNA, Ga., Feb. 25. -- Funeral services were held Sunday afternoon for Miss Nora Seago, who died here Saturday from an attack of influenza. Revs. P. T. Holloway and R. L. Harvey conducted the services, and the interment was in the Sandy Mount Cemetery, near Vienna.

She is survived by four sisters, Mrs. Ida V. Akins, Mrs. Fannie Lupo, Miss Jennie Seago and Mrs. J. W. Selph.

So, what's the big deal, right? Porter Family Cemetery is also known as Sandy Mount Cemetery. Well, there's a bit more to share. The county to the south of Dooly is Crisp, formed from Dooly in 1905. And guess what. Cordele, Crisp County, Georgia (not far from Vienna, Dooly County) is home to Sandy Mount Church Cemetery.

Anybody know the connection between the two cemeteries, or if there even is one? I'm wondering if there is something in the church history that connects the two. Or maybe the entire area was known as Sandy Mount before the county division? Just a bit of curiosity on my part.

04 December 2015

Lowell Oakes Knew His History

Especially his family history.

I love, love, love to find stones like these. Lowell put seven generations of his paternal ancestry on the back of his granite tombstone. Even though a good genealogist would not take this information as the gospel, it is a great starting point. And I firmly believe it could provide a casual passerby with a spark of desire to find out more about their personal history.

Gene Oakes was born in Montezuma, Georgia in 1948, the eldest son of Luther Avery Oakes, Jr.  He served in the U.S. Air Force during the Vietnam era, and spent the last 16 years of his life in Jacksonville, Florida.  His 2006 obituary states, "He will always be remembered as a man who dearly loved God, family, Jaguar football, history, lighthouses, genealogy, collecting hot sauces, traveling with family and sitting on his porch to watch the birds." Sounds like a cool dude.

Son of
Luther Avery Oakes, Jr.  Jan 15, 1916 - Jun 16, 2009
Luther Avery Oakes, Sr.  Sep 25, 1888 - Mar 11, 1956
Malachi Smith Oakes  Apr 11, 1863 - Aug 10, 1940
William Thomas Oakes  Nov 15, 1822 - Jun 2, 1897
Jonathan H. S. Oakes  Abt 1790 - Abt 1859
Isaac Oaks  May 13, 1760 - Abt 1845
John Oaks  Abt 1735 - Unknown
(click to enlarge)

Both Lowell and his father rest in Pinehurst City Cemetery at Dooly County, Georgia. Luther's personal story has a solemn wow factor to it. L.A. Oakes, a sergeant in the U.S. Army Air Forces during World War II, was a survivor of the Bataan Death March as well as a 3 1/2 year Japanese Prisoner Of War.

02 December 2015

Death of Joseph Lee Peavy (This Time It's Personal)

A personal genealogy query.

I have been logging information found on the Peavys buried at Pinehurst Cemetery in Dooly County, Georgia. One is Joseph Lee Peavy (1881-1932). He was a son of Jesse Calloway Peavy, and the husband of Mamie R. I think Joe spent all his life in Dooly County. He was a farmer, and had at least three children, two of which are buried in his plot: Vivian Peavy Foshee (1906-1975) and Charlie Calloway Peavy (1908-1954).

I located Joseph's death certificate on FamilySearch.org, and was surprised to find his cause of death listed as fractured skull (accident). A secondary cause was "encephalitis" -- inflammation of the brain. The document seems to suggest the accident happened in Vienna. This locale is in Dooly County, Georgia, but a bit north of Pinehurst (where Joe was ultimately laid to rest).

"Georgia Deaths, 1928-1939," database with images, FamilySearch
(https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1-13527-45788-45?cc=1385727 :
accessed 2 December 2015), 004600793 > image 192 of 594; Georgia Archives,

The 1930 U.S. Federal census places Joseph L. and family on the "Vienna & Hawkinsville Rd." Was this a farming accident on the family farm? I've begun looking to local newspapers to try to find the tale, but have found very little. One a blurb about Joe's family being at his beside in a local hospital (condition described as an "illness"), and the other a mention of the funeral after it had taken place.

Does anyone know what happened to Joseph Lee Peavy? I'm super curious to learn the story.

P.S. My connection to Joe Peavy is a bit convoluted, to say the least, since I am related to two Peavy lines that married into one another. Family Tree Maker says Joe is the "grand nephew of husband of 1st great grand aunt of husband of 2nd cousin 2x removed" of moi. Hilarious!

01 December 2015

M. E. Williams (Tombstone Tuesday)

M. E. Williams
Aug 2, 1861
Dec 29, 1914
At Rest

Pinehurst City Cemetery
Dooly County, Georgia

I always find the rough-hewn look visually appealing.

29 November 2015

Life Divides, Death Joins Together

I, probably like most amateur historians, gravitate toward the "old" tombstones when traipsing through cemeteries. I paused at Lucius Van "Rip" Peavy's newer granite ledger marker, though, because I'm related to many (most?) Peavys of middle and south Georgia. So I must always document those!

I was not only rewarded with some vital dates for cousin Rip Peavy, but also a quite interesting epitaph.

Lucius Van "Rip" Peavy, Sr.
Aug 29, 1905
Jan 1, 1994
No Longer Let Life Divide What Death Can Join Together

We often see death as dividing the living from those that have passed on, but this line tells it a bit differently. Here, death is joining Lucius together with those that have gone before.

The prophetic words are from a poem by Percy Shelley entitled Adonais: An Elegy on the Death of John Keats. They can be found in the 53rd of 55 stanzas:
Why linger, why turn back, why shrink, my Heart?
Thy hopes are gone before: from all things here
They have departed; thou shouldst now depart!
A light is pass'd from the revolving year,
And man, and woman; and what still is dear
Attracts to crush, repels to make thee wither.
The soft sky smiles, the low wind whispers near:
'Tis Adonais calls! oh, hasten thither,
No more let Life divide what Death can join together.
P.S. Lucius Van "Rip" Peavy was son of Lucius M. Peavy (1879-1964) and Mary E. Peavy (1881-1960). All rest in the Pinehurst City Cemetery of Dooly County, Georgia.

25 November 2015

Druggist Oscar Horne Shoots Self to Death

Oscar C. Horne graduated from the Maryland College of Pharmacy in May of 1899. About nine years later, it seems he found life too hard to handle.

Augusta Chronicle (Georgia)
7 January 1908, page 4

Found Dying Behind Counter With Bullet Through Heart.

Special to The Chronicle.
Savannah, Ga., Jan. 6 -- Oscar C. Horne, a druggist, was found dead this morning behind his counter in his drug store at Bull and Thirty-ninth streets. A revolver lay on the floor beside him, with one chamber empty, the bullet from which had gone through his heart.

Druggist John Schwaib made the discovery, having gone to the drug store on business. When no one responded to his rapping on the counter he investigated and found the body.

Horne's negro porter came in within a few minutes and said he had left Mr. Horne a short time before to go out on an errand, and that the druggist had then appeared thoroughly rational and cheerful.

A pencilled note lay on the counter addressed to J. R. Horne, Pinehurst, Ga., the father of the druggist.

Horne was tonight to have been installed as prelate of the Forest City Lodge Knights of Pythias, of which he was past chancellor.

He was a kind and loving son
and affectionate brother.

Though lost to sight to memory dear.
A link that binds us to Heaven.

Pinehurst City Cemetery
Dooly County, Georgia

P.S. If you're like me, and had no clue what a prelate was, here's a basic definition from Google: "a bishop or other high ecclesiastical dignitary." The word is considered to be formal and historical.

24 November 2015

Marsh B. Wood (Tombstone Tuesday)

I like his name!

Marsh was born 17 March 1883 to Henry D. and Martha L. Wood. When Marsh was 17 years old, the family was living in Dooly County, Georgia. About 1905 Marsh married Bessie, and by 1910 they were living in Montgomery, Alabama. Marsh was working as a street car conductor at the time. When Marsh registered for the draft in 1918, he and Bessie were in Lafayette County, Florida. A couple of years later (January 1920) would find Marsh and Bessie in Clinch County, Georgia, where Marsh was a sawyer in a shingle mill.

Five months after that, Marsh was dead.

God's hand touched him and he slept.

(Pinehurst City Cemetery, Dooly County, Georgia)

What the heck happened? Was there an accident at the mill? Did Marsh get sick? I sure would like to know. Anybody?

BTW - Marsh was brother (and brother-in-law) to Henry A. and Laura Hendley Wood.

23 November 2015

Henry and Laura Wood Were Faithful to Every Duty (Today's Epitaph)

Unless the phrase is simply "At Rest", I don't often see two individuals buried side-by-side with the same epitaph. (Though I suppose it's probably not that uncommon.) I found this to be true, however, with Henry Arthur Wood and his wife Laura E. Hendley. They rest at Pinehurst City Cemetery in Dooly County, Georgia.  And both were "faithful to every duty."

Henry Arthur Wood (1880-1935) and wife Laura E. Hendley Wood (1882-1970).
Faithful to Every Duty.

Photo © 2011-2015 S. Lincecum.

An 1894 Sunday School Helper says, "Faithful to duty is one way of honoring him who gives you a duty to do." Henry and Laura honored God by doing the best they could with their lives.

I'm sure the lives of the Wood family were turned upside down with the passing of Henry. Here's an excerpt from his obituary printed in the 30 March 1935 Macon Telegraph (Georgia), page 4:
Mr. Wood succumbed to injuries suffered Sunday afternoon in an automobile accident near Perry. He was accompanied by Mrs. Wood, Mr. and Mrs. Walter V. Forehand of this place. A passing car crashed into Wood's automobile. Mr. Wood was one of the outstanding citizens of Dooly county.

20 November 2015

Mary Wright's Untimely Urn

Beneath this stone reposes all
that was mortal
~ of ~
Daughter of
Mary & Dr. Wm Savage
And wife of
Col. A. R. Wright,
Born Dec'r 28th, 1825
Married April 26th, 1843
Died June 23rd, 1854

A Christian Woman
is the highest best gift of God to earth
and here lies one of its
highest exemplifications! Christianity was with
her a sentiment deeply inwoven in all
her thoughts, feelings and affections.
Kind and benevolent, unexacting
and charitable, brilliant but
humble --- Vigorous in intellect,
sweet and lovely in person, meek and
gentle in disposition --- her life and
character have left their impress
indelibly fixed in the hearts of those whose
wise counsellor and devoted partner she was
throught all the vicissitudes of an eventful
though brief career.  Though married when
young, ardent and hopeful in the midday
splendor of youthful hopes and aspirations.
She entered upon her domestic duties
an energy and devotion which could feel
no decline:  and by the purity and vigor
of her own character she won from the
most slavish passions, him whose welfare
was her highest happiness, and
whose character was her own handiwork.
Her earthly missions
accomplished --- she laid down
her Cross, Took up her
Crown, and now
sweetly rests in the
bosom of her Savior.

If all the charities which life endear,
May claim affection, or demand a tear,
Then o'er Mary's untimely urn,
Domestic love may weep, and friendship mourn.

Revolutionary War Cemetery
Louisville, Jefferson County, Georgia

19 November 2015

William Walker: Georgia Revolutionary Soldier

William Walker (son of Joel Walker, Rev. Sol., and his wife Judith ---), b. Buckingham Co., Va., 1762; d. Jefferson Co., Ga., 1818. Private in Ga. Militia, under Major Gen. John Twiggs. Served as scout. Mar., Jefferson Co., Ga., Elizabeth Bostic (1770-1835) (dau. of Nathan Bostic (or Bostwick), b. Suffolk Co., Va., 1746; d. Jefferson Co., Ga., 1818; received bounty grant of land for service as private in Ga. Militia. Mar. Martha Gwinn, b. 1750). [Source: Ancestry.com. Roster of Revolutionary Soldiers in Georgia Vol. 1 [database online]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2006.]

The dates don't quite jive, but there is a Nathan Bostwick resting "two graves over" from William Walker, Sr.

18 November 2015

Children of Owen and Bdelia McDermott (Wednesday's Child x 13)

A single monument in the Revolutionary War Cemetery at Louisville, Jefferson County, Georgia stands for the memories of thirteen children born to Owen and Bdelia McDermott. Owen was born in County Sligo, Ireland 9 March 1806 and died 27 January 1877. Owen's wife Bdelia lived less than a decade more. Of those memorialized, and I probably have some of these dates wrong since they were difficult to read, it appears only a few made it to adulthood.

Born Novr 1827
Died Augt 1829

Mary Ann
Born May 1829
Died Sept 1832

Born Novr 4th 1830
Died Sept 1834

Born May 10th 1831
Died Sept 3rd 1839

Born Augt 4th 1833
Died Sept 4th 1839

Born Augt 1835
Died Novr 1839

Born May 9th 1837
Died Novr 1844

Born May 14th 1839
Died Novr 1855

Born July 1841
Died Jany 1844

Born May 9th 1843
Died Mch 14th 1873 [1878?]

Born Augt 20th 1845
Died Augt 22nd 1863 [1862?]

Louisa Martha
Born Feby 22nd 1847
Died July 28th 1868 [1862?]

Born Mch 25th 1849
Died Augt 7th 1862


17 November 2015

Joseph Mayrank Jones (Tombstone Tuesday)

Sacred to the memory of
son of Joseph Jones
of Liberty county, Georgia
who died on the 5th January 1831
near Louisville
on his way home
from the Legislature
in which body
he represented his native
county three years,
aged 26 years & 8 months.

This tribute
to departed worth as dedicated
by paternal affection
to one who by his amiable deportment
and many virtues
justly merited the warm affection
of his
numerous relatives and friends.

Farewell dear youth, a long & fond adieu
A father's tears, thy early tomb bedew.

14 November 2015

Brigadier General James Gunn and His Political Ruination

It came in the form of the Yazoo Land Act, but let's back up a bit.

I snap digital images of gravestones all the time, often having no clue who I'm photographing. And this was easily the case when I visited the Revolutionary War Cemetery at Louisville, Jefferson County, Georgia (also known as Old Capitol Cemetery, or Old City Cemetery). It was not a planned visit, and I was looking for no one in particular.

The simple ledger marker for James Gunn, however, piqued my interest. A Brigadier General? Well this might be someone I can research.

Here lies the Body of
Brigadier General
who died on the 30 of July 1801.
Aged 48 years, 4 months
and 17 days.

A death notice in the Western Star (Stockbridge, Massachusetts) from 7 September 1801 told me Gen. James Gunn was formerly a Georgia Senator. The American (Baltimore, Maryland) went into slightly more detail [20 August 1801, page 2]. (Don't forget the letter s was often written as an f.)
Died at Louifville, Georgia, on Thurfday the 30th inft. the honorable James Gunn, brigadier general of the firft brigade of the firft divifion of the militia of Georgia, and for many years paft a fenator in Congrefs from that ftate. On the following day the laft melancholy teftimony of refpect to his memory was fhewn by the refpectable citizens of Louifville, by whom his body was interred with military honors.
Then I found "The real story of James Gunn." This 2009 article by Farris Cadle describes Gunn as "one of the biggest scoundrels in American history" for his participation in the Yazoo Land Fraud:
In 1794 he [James Gunn] and a group of associates formed the Georgia Company. This and three other similar companies worked together through the early and mid part of 1794 to clandestinely bribe members of the state legislature to pass what in history became known as the Yazoo Act. Gunn waited until November 26, 1794, thirteen days after his reelection to the U.S. Senate, to formally submit the Georgia Company’s proposal to the legislature. The act, once passed, conveyed about 3/5ths of Georgia’s western territory to the four private companies for a pittance.
The New Georgia Encyclopedia says a bit more:
Georgia was too weak after the Revolution to defend its vast western land claims, called the "Yazoo lands" after the river that flowed through the westernmost part. Consequently, the legislature listened eagerly to proposals from speculators willing to pay for the right to form settlements there...

Pressure to act continued to build on legislators until, by mid-November 1794, a majority reportedly favored the sale of the western territory. On January 7, 1795, Georgia governor George Mathews signed the Yazoo Act, which transferred 35 million acres in present-day Alabama and Mississippi to four companies for $500,000. To achieve this successful sale, the leader of the Yazooists, Georgia's Federalist U.S. senator James Gunn, had arranged the distribution of money and Yazoo land to legislators, state officials, newspaper editors, and other influential Georgians. Cries of bribery and corruption accompanied the Yazoo Act as it made its way to final passage. Angry Georgians protested the sale in petitions and street demonstrations. Despite the swelling opposition, the Yazoo companies completed their purchases.
Finally, Lucian Lamar Knight wrote his take on James Gunn in Georgia's Landmarks, Memorials, and Legends (Pub. 1914, pgs 344-5.):
In what is called the old cemetery of the town [Louisville, GA] is the grave of a famous soldier and statesman, who, unhappily for his fame, became identified with the notorious Yazoo Act, of 1795, by which Georgia, for a mere pittance, agreed to cede her western lands...

...It may be said in justice the memory of General Gunn that some of the foremost public men of the day were concerned in the Yazoo land deals, among them Patrick Henry, of Virginia; Thomas Glascock, of Georgia; and other patriots of the Revolution. They regarded the transaction purely in the light of a business matter. There were no railroads in those days. It seemed hardly within the bounds of reason to expect any expansion of the State's populated area to a region so remote; and the lands for this reason were comparatively worthless.

...General Gunn's death, in 1801, was probably hastened by the unpleasant notoriety to which he was subjected.
Besides being on the wrong side of a hot-button political issue, there was another issue regarding the will of General James Gunn. Though it was believed he made one, said will was nowhere to be found after the general's death. An act was passed by the Georgia legislature (yes, I'm serious) addressing this unfortunate occurrence. [A Compilation of the Laws of the State of Georgia, Passed by the Legislature Since the Political Year 1800, to the Year 1810, Inclusive, pub. 1812. Pg. 53.]
To quiet the claim of James Gunn, to the estates, real and personal, of General James Gunn, deceased.

WHEREAS it has been represented to this Legislature, that Brigadier General James Gunn, died testate; and it appearing from the strongest presumptive testimony, that he left a will and testament, but that the same has been lost or destroyed, so that there is no probability of its being found; And whereas it also appears to have been the wish, desire and intention of the said General James Gunn, that his nephew, James Gunn, of the State of Virginia, should inherit, possess and enjoy, his estate, real and personal.
So goes the complex story of Brigadier General James Gunn, belied by a simple ledger marker in an old cemetery.

The Great Yazoo Lands Sale

06 November 2015

Metta Cubbedge: and Rose Hill Has Another Fair Sleeper Awaiting the End of All Things

[Sometimes I publish a post at the Rose Hill Cemetery blog I think Southern Graves readers will enjoy. This is one of those.]

Original photo by James Allen.
Slightly enhanced image above by Stephanie Lincecum.
Metta Cubbedge was born 26 April 1861 in Georgia to Richard W. and Anna M. Cubbedge. The beginning of 1877 saw Metta as a bright scholar of the junior class at Macon, Georgia's Wesleyan College. She was described, in reference to her role as a student, as "faithful to every duty, never by word or action, disobeying her preceptors."

Metta also had an active extracurricular life. She was President of a secret literary society (it was only allowed to maintain a member number of 30) at Wesleyan known as the Philomathean* Society. She also seemed to enjoy singing. Newspaper articles included her name when describing performances by Macon's Baptist Church choir, as well as Wesleyan's Philomathean Society. Miss Metta Cubbedge was often singled out as a soloist. She was described as having a "sweet modest voice." And her rendition of a song called "The Old Arm Chair" was noted as having a "tender pathos and sweet, sad music."

But before the summer of 1877 ended, Metta was dead. The young 16 year old was struck down by typhoid fever. An illness that lasted a mere 10 days.

Before I share a couple of articles about Metta's death and funeral, I'd like to pose a question: Was Metta's death forseshadowed? If I read an article about her funeral correctly (it's transcribed below), a "dying companion" told Metta she would either die young, die soon, or something of the sort. Please comment with any thoughts you might have on this, especially if you think I'm way off base.

Macon Telegraph (Georgia)
1 September 1877, pg. 4
Death of Miss Metta Cubbedge.
The sad intelligence of the death of this young lady reached the city yesterday and threw over her large circle of friends and acquaintances a profound feeling of sadness.

She is a daughter of Mr. R. W. Cubbedge, a prominent banker of this city, and had been spending the summer at Griffin, Georgia, with friends, where she had won by her gentle deportment a host of ardent admirers.

About ten days ago she was taken ill with fever, which rapidly developed into typhoid, and ended her young life yesterday at ten and a half o'clock.

A telegram Friday evening announcing that all the symptoms of the disease were better, deterred Mr. Cubbedge from going up with his family physician, Dr. Boone. Another yesterday morning brough[t] the sad intelligence that she was sinking, and in a few hours after she died.

The remains were brought down on the Central railroad yesterday evening and the funeral will take place from Mr. Cubbedge's residence, on College street, this morning.

All who knew Miss Metta Cubbedge loved her for her many traits of character. She was a member of the junior class at the Wesleyan College this past year and all her companions were devotedly attached to her. Her rendition of the "old arm chair" will never be forgotten by those who heard it for its tender pathos and sweet, sad music. She was just verging into womanhood, but the fair flower has been rudely broken by the hand of death. We tender our sincerest sympathies to the bereaved parents in this sad hour of their mysterious affliction.
Macon Telegraph (Georgia)
2 September 1877, pg. 4
Funeral of Miss Metta Cubbedge.
...The badges of the members of the Philomathean Society, of which she was President, were draped with mourning...

The services were conducted at the grave, and Rose Hill had another fair sleeper awaiting the end of all things. A strange presentiment has, it seems, taken possession of the young lady, that she would soon die in verification of a remark made by a dying companion some two years since, and, during her sickness, she spoke frequently of death and expected the coming of the grim messenger.
*It's also interesting to note another role Metta played in history. The Philomathean Society, founded at Wesleyan College in 1852, and of which Metta Cubbedge was President for a time, later changed its name to Phi Mu. The sorority is active today with more than 228 chapters and is considered to be the second oldest secret organization for women.

18 September 2015

Blodgett Cemetery Holds Four Craig Children (This Time It's Personal)

I've been going over my Grandfather's genealogy notes, including a detailed report dated January 1990. I wanted to make sure any information he had that I didn't was noted in my personal research files. As we all well know, revisiting a document will sometimes allow us to see it in a different light. At a different angle. To "see" things we didn't see before.

Such is the case with my great grand aunt Bertha May (Lincecum) Craig. She is on the far right in the picture below.  I didn't realize, or maybe I forgot (to be honest), the amount of loss she suffered in life.

Bertha was born 11 November 1899 to Francis Marion and Annie Victoria (Gibbs) Lincecum. Before she was twenty years old, in 1919, Bertha married Aaron Craig from Kentucky. About sixteen months after their marriage, Bertha gave birth to their first child. A daughter, Lucille, was born 21 October 1920. Bertha and Aaron would go on to produce seven more children, the last being a set of twin boys born February 1937.

The losses began in 1932, when a son named Richard Lee Craig died at the age of just five days. Three years later, Lucille died at the age of 15 years. The year 1937 brought the loss of the twins. Calvan was stillborn. Alvin survived less than nine months.

Adding insult to injury, Bertha lost her husband in 1943, when he was just 46 years old. Bertha was only 43.

Each one of the children's death certificates can be viewed online at Missouri Digital Heritage. Lucille and Alvin died of lobar pneumonia. Richard died of influenza. Each death certificate read the same, burial at Blodgett. This cemetery in Scott County, Missouri holds all four Craig children that did not make it to adulthood.

Individual photos taken by Graver Gal and posted to FindAGrave (2011).
Collage created by S. Lincecum (2015).

11 September 2015

Grandpa and the National War Memorial of Newfoundland

2014 was a bit rough. I lost three grandparents and an uncle. It started in January with the death of my paternal grandmother Betty Sue Campbell Lincecum, and ended in November with the death of her husband (and my paternal grandfather) Billy Joe Lincecum. About March of this year, I was blessed to receive several photo albums, artifacts, and Lincecum genealogy research files. These treasures were most likely put together by Grandpa, and I appreciate my dad and his sister for trusting me with them.

One of the first albums I began to digitize was labeled as " ? - 1954 " and has a Pepperrell A.F.B. cover:

Along with many, many photos of my grandparents, their friends, and my father at just a couple months old, was this image:

Knowing it was likely a memorial of some kind, I thought it would be perfect to write about in this space. A quick Google search revealed this as the National War Memorial of Newfoundland, a post World War I monument built before Newfoundland became a province of Canada. Wikipedia describes the design, in part, this way:
On the west wing, representing the Newfoundlanders who joined the Newfoundland Royal Naval Reserve, is a sailor holding a spyglass. On the east wing, representing the men of the Royal Newfoundland Regiment, is a soldier in full battle gear, loading his rifle, searching the horizon for "the enemy".

Out in front, on the lower pedestal, are fishermen in oilskins and Wellington boots, and a lumberman with his axe slung over his shoulder, symbolizing the Newfoundlanders who served with the Merchant Marine and the Forestry Corps. Over their heads is a granite cross symbolizing the sacred nature of the war memorial. Below, is a bronze plaque stating that the memorial was erected by "a grateful people to honour its war dead".
Here is an image from Wikimedia Commons taken 2008:

Newfoundland National War Memorial

Thanks, Grandpa, for sharing your life and the National War Memorial of Newfoundland in pictures. Miss you and Grandma terribly.

30 August 2015

Charles W. Washington: His Body Has Been Through A Lot (and a Bit of Serendipity!)

Charles W. Washington was born about 1802, possibly in Wilkes County, Georgia. I do not know the names of his parents, but I can tell you he had two brothers. Of the three, Charles was "the middle." Robert Beverly Washington was the elder brother, and James H. R. Washington the younger.

Approximate location of Washington Academy land on
today's map.  It possibly extended closer to the Ocmulgee
River. Full map here.
In a 1923 Macon Telegraph (Georgia) article, Charles's niece (Mrs. Ellen Washington Bellamy) offers this anecdote:
..."In 1824, one year after Macon came into being," she began after a few minutes, "Robert and Charles Washington came to Macon from Milledgeville. They were the grand-nephews of George [Washington, first president of the United States], and were the brothers of my father...

"Charles Washington opened the first mercantile establishment in East Macon, where the remains of the mounds are. He lived at the foot of one of those mounds...He owned ground from the Fifth Street bridge on the river to what is now Riverside Cemetery.

"He gave to the city the ground on which the first male academy was erected. It was the square on Second Street extending to First and from Walnut to Ocmulgee. The institution was known as Washington Academy and it was from the academy that Academy Street derived its name...
Fast forward more than 200 years after the birth of Charles, when I am researching Macon's Old City Cemetery. Established in 1825, it was used by the city of Macon until 1840 when the more notorious Rose Hill Cemetery was opened.

There are very few markers visible in the Old City Cemetery versus the hundreds of possible burials. One of the names I discovered as a burial solely from a newspaper article was Charles W. Washington. From The Weekly Telegraph (Macon, Georgia) 25 February 1891 article entitled Whose Bones Lie Buried with bracketed comment by original author:
"To the memory of Charles W. Washington. Drowned in Walnut Creek March 1, 1833. Aged 31 years."

[A tremendous gale had swept over the interior of the state on Feb 28, 1833, causing great destruction to property, and several lives were lost. The water courses were suddenly swollen on the following day, and at night the northern mail stage, in passing Walnut Creek, was swept away and upset. Two passengers and the driver escaped by swimming. Another passenger, Mr. C. W. Washington, was drowned. His body was recovered and brought home. He was the brother of the late R. B. Washington and of Hon. James H. R. Washington. He was a merchant much respected and his death was deeply lamented.]
While the story seemed a tiny bit familiar, I couldn't immediately place why and put it out of my mind. But when I come across the aforementioned article with Ellen Washington Bellamy's recollections, I connected the dots. Here is another snippet:
Drowned in Creek
"Uncle Charles lost his life in a tragic manner. He was on his way home from Savannah where he had gone on business. Of course, he was making the trip to Macon by stage. There had been a terrible freshet in his absence and the driver of the stage was unaware that the bridge over Walnut Creek had been washed away. Before he realized it, he had driven the stage into the swollen stream. The debris submerged the stage and before Charles could extricate himself he was drowned.

"He was buried in the old city cemetery, but I later had his body moved to Rose Hill to the family lot. He died in the full vigor of a useful life.
There you have it. Several years before studying up on the Old City Cemetery, I had transcribed Charles' grave stone in Rose Hill Cemetery. I went back to my files, to be sure. Back when I was using pen and paper to transcribe cemeteries (imagine that!) -- and there the transcription was.

Enhanced image.  Original by James Allen.
In Memory of
Charles W. Washington
Who was drowned in Walnut Creek March 1st, 1833
In the 31st year of his age. In the full vigor
of a useful life.

Since this is basically the same as the transcription found in the 1891 article about the Old City Cemetery, I wonder if it's the same stone first placed there?

Here is an item that ran in the Rhode-Island Republican (Newport, Rhode Island) 27 March 1833. It's the only one I found closer to the actual time of the accident:
The savannah [sic] Georgian states, on the authority of a letter from Macon, that a violent tornado, accompanied with rain occurred in the latter place on the 2d inst. A good deal of damage was done by the blowing down of chimnies, houses and fences. One white boy and several horses and mules were killed by the falling of buildings. The Augusta stage was washed down, in attempting to cross Walnut Creek, and one passenger, Mr. Charles Washington of Macon, and 3 horses were drowned.

16 July 2015

George Phillip Lamb, Atomic Veteran

From Wikipedia:
Atomic veterans are United States military veterans who were exposed to ionizing radiation while stationing in the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki during the American occupation of Japan before 1946 (including certain veterans who were prisoners of war there) and thousands of servicemen who took part in atmospheric nuclear tests (1945-1962)...

...A formal investigation of the radiation exposure these veterans received, as well as radiation experiments conducted on humans, was initiated in 1994, by former President Bill Clinton, who apologized for their treatment in 1995. "In 1996, the U.S. Congress repealed the Nuclear Radiation Secrecy Agreement Act, which rescinded the Atomic Veteran “oath-of-secrecy,” thus allowing Atomic-Veterans the opportunity to recount stories of their participation in Nuclear weapon testing and post test event activities, without legal penalty. By this time,however, many thousands of Atomic Veterans, the majority of whom were afflicted with a host of radiation induced health issues, such as cancer, had taken that “secret” with them, to their graves.
George Phillip Lamb
Apr 30, 1928 - Sep 19, 1989
Atomic Veteran 

George's obituary can be found in the 21 September 1989 Augusta Chronicle (Georgia), page A-14. It states he was a retired farmer and produce dealer, as well as a member of Disabled American Veterans.

Mr. Lamb was laid to rest at Louisville City Cemetery in Jefferson County, Georgia.

15 July 2015

Final Scenes from St. Paul's Graveyard (Mostly Wordless Wednesday)

Here are some final scenes from my 2013 visit to St. Paul's Church and Graveyard in Augusta, Georgia.

More Church Photos.

To Commemorate the Great Congress of Five Indian Nations Held Here at Fort Augusta in 1763, when Seven Hundred
Indians Came to Meet the Governors of Georgia, Virginia, North and South Carolina.
Erected by the Augusta Committee of the Georgia Society of the Colonial Dames of America.

(Click to enlarge.)

More information on Fort Augusta.

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