04 March 2018

Mr. and Mrs. David P. Bass Dead

100_8019A tombstone shared yesterday – the one that stands to honor the memory of Anna Bass Harvey – also memorializes her parents, David P. and Sarah Bass.  An obituary each for David and Sarah follows.

North Georgia Citizen (Dalton, GA)
15 August 1895 - pg. 3 [via Georgia Historic Newspapers]

MR. BASS DEAD.

One of Dalton's Best Men Gone to his Reward.

The sweet influence of no man in Dalton was more felt than that of Rev. D. P. Bass.  His death last Thursday was a sad blow to Dalton in every sense of the word.  It is superfluous to multiply words in commendation of him.  No class in Dalton or Whitfield county but will miss him and [to] know him was to love him.  He was suddenly stricken down and rapidly desolution [sic] took place in the body mortal but the spirit of the man and christian accompanied by the myriods [sic] of angels hastened to his home where the blessed "Peace, Peace, Peace" was found awaiting him that he so long sought and in his last breath cried out for.  We sincerely and honestly deplore his loss and tender our heartfelt sympathy to those he left behind.

North Georgia Citizen (Dalton, GA)
27 February 1913 - pg. 7 [via Georgia Historic Newspapers]

MRS. D. P. BASS DIED AFTER BRIEF ILLNESS

Deceased Was Aged and Highly Respected Resident of Dalton.

Mrs. D. P. Bass, one of the city's most highly respected and beloved residents, died at the home of her daughter, Mrs. T. A. Berry, Wednesday morning at 9 o'clock, following a brief illness.  Mrs. Bass suffered an attack of la grippe last week, and this, in connection with her advanced age, caused her demise.

Mrs. Bass was 81 years of age, having come to this city to live about 35 years ago, moving here with her family from Summerville.  Her husband was for years prominently identified with the business activities of Dalton, being at one time manager of the Crown Cotton Mills.  He was also one of the city's leading merchants.

Mrs. Bass was, up to a few years ago when her health broke, one of this city's leading women, taking an active part in the work of the First Methodist church of which she was an earnest member for a long period.  She was an excellent Christian woman, combining within her those commendable traits of pure womanhood.  In her passing, the city has lost an esteemed resident.

The funeral services were conducted at the home Thursday afternoon at 3 o'clock, Rev. W. R. Foote, pastor of the First Methodist church, officiating, and interment was in West Hill cemetery.

Mrs. Bass is survived by the following daughters:  Mrs. T. A. Berry, of this city; Mrs. John Berry, of Atlanta, and Mrs. Henry Harvey, of Cartersville.


03 March 2018

The Death and Burial of Mrs. Anna Bass Harvey and Her Husband Henry

100_8017Anna Bass, wife of Henry Harvey, was born 1 April 1865.  Upon her death on 29 March 1895, just a few days before her 30th birthday, Mrs. Harvey was laid to rest at West Hill Cemetery in Dalton, Whitfield County, Georgia.  The following obituary is from a local newspaper.

North Georgia Citizen (Dalton, GA)
4 April 1895 - pg. 2 [via Georgia Historic Newspapers]

LAID TO REST.

The Death and Burial Of Mrs. Henry Harvey.

That Mrs. Henry Harvey of Rome should die so young is a cross her relatives would find hard to bear was it not for the promise of our Savior that those dying in him should have everlasting life and to-day she is numbered among the blest in that home not made with hands.  As Miss Anna Bass, she was one of Dalton's lovely flowers, and one who was loved by all who knew her.  Mr. Henry Harvey wooed and won her for his bride six years ago, and with them went the blessings of a world of friends, but the inscrutible wisdom of God and jealous love of the angels for one so fair and so pure, she was elected to adorn their holy band and from which not even the father[,] mother, sisters nor husband could wish her return.

She died in her adopted home in Rome last Friday morning and was brought here that evening.  Her remains were accompanied by relatives and a number of friends.  Her funeral took place Sunday morning from the Methodist church which services were conducted by Rev's. S. R. Belk of Rome, and B. F. Fraser, of this city.  The funeral sermon was a beautiful one, solemn, impressive and full of hope to the christian soul.  The interment took place at West Hill cemetery.  A large number of friends came up from Rome Sunday to attend the last sad rites.  Mrs. Harvey was the third daughter of Rev. and Mrs. D. P. Bass, and a sister of Mrs. T. A. and Mrs. J. M. Berry.

Words seem cold and impressionless when we undertake to offer any consolation to the bereaved ones and would be but senseless things had we not the knowledge that "it is not all of life to live nor all of death to die." Death loses its stings when one dies in full fellowship with Christ as did Mrs. Harvey.  She was a graduate of the Dalton Female College and her remains were followed to the grave by all of her classmates and fellow students.  She leaves two children, a little boy and girl aged two and three years who will remain in Dalton for the present.  We extend with the whole community our sincerest sympathy.

harveyMemorialized on the tombstone pictured, along with Mrs. Anna Harvey, was her toddler.  He was Henry Harvey, Jr., born 18 January 1891, and died 29 December 1892.  His accidental death was also reported in the local newspaper.

North Georgia Citizen (Dalton, GA)
5 January 1893 - pg. 3 [via Georgia Historic Newspapers]

Fatally Burned.
The CITIZEN chronicles with the deepest regret the melancholy and fatal accident which befell the little two year old son of Mr. and Mrs. Henry Harvey, of Rome, on the 27th.

Mrs. Harvey was visiting her father's family at this place, Rev. D. P. Bass, and on the evening of the 27th, while her little son was playing in a room where there was a bright fire, he ran too near the flames and his clothing was ignited.  Before the fire could be put out, the unfortunate child received injuries which proved fatal on the following day…

Dorothy Moore was another daughter of Henry Harvey's memorialized on the family marker.  This little one lived just five months.

North Georgia Citizen (Dalton, GA)
13 June 1901 - pg. 4 [via Georgia Historic Newspapers]

Death of Dorothy Harvey.
Dorothy Moore Harvey, the sweet little five months old baby of Mr. and Mrs. Henry Harvey, of Rome, was buried here Monday morning, with a short service at the grave by Rev. T. J. Christian.

The little one had been ill but a few days and died early Sunday morning and brought here Sunday night, to the home of Mr. and Mrs. T. A. Berry, its uncle and aunt.  Mrs. John M. Berry, another aunt, went down to Rome Saturday.  Those who came up from Rome were:  Mr. and Mrs. Sam Powers, Messrs. Burton Reese, John and Andrew Harvey.

The final name found on the panel enlarged at right is that of Henry Harvey, Sr., who outlived wife Anna Bass by almost twenty years.

North Georgia Citizen (Dalton, GA)
29 January 1914 - pg. 1 [via Georgia Historic Newspapers]

MR. HARVEY BURIED HERE

Well Known Cartersville Resident Died Friday of Heart Trouble.

FUNERAL WAS HELD AT CARTERSVILLE

Deceased Was Well Known and Had Many Friends Here – Successful In Many Business Ventures – Brief Sketch of Life.

Mr. Henry Harvey, a prominent resident of Cartersville, died at his home Friday morning, following a protracted illness; heart trouble was the cause of his decease.  Saturday, the body was brought here and interment was made in West Hill cemetery.

The deceased was 52 years of age, being born and reared in Rome.  He was a son of Judge Harvey, a distinguished jurist of Rome, and on reaching manhood, studied law and was admitted to the bar, practicing for a short time.

He then went into the mercantile business, and was a prosperous merchant when he took the presidency of the Rome Cotton factory.  He later went into the lumber business.  His last business venture was the purchasing of the Ladd Lime works, which he conducted profitably up to a short time before his illness when he disposed of his holdings.

Mr. Harvey would more rightly be classed as a successful promoter, for he put through many big business deals, building up different industries.

He was three times married, his first wife being Miss Lucy Penn, of Trion.  After the death of his first wife, he was married to Miss Anna Bass, of this city; his last wife was Miss Ludie Bass, a sister of his second wife.

Funeral services were conducted at Cartersville Saturday morning, the Rev. Mr. Hunnicutt officiating, after which the body was brought here for burial in West Hill cemetery, a brief service being conducted at the grave by the Rev. W. R. Foote.

Mr. Harvey is survived by his wife and the following children:  Mr. Penn Harvey, of Pensacola, Fla.; Miss Ludie Harvey, of Cartersville; Mr. Henry Harvey, who is a student at Princeton University; Miss Ann Harvey, of Cartersville, and Master David Harvey, of Cartersville.

Two other babes are listed on the Harvey side of the family memorial at West Hill Cemetery:  Lucy A. Harvey (21 January 1890 – 20 July 1892) and Mary Harvey (b. & d. 26 March 1895).  Lucy was likely a daughter of Anna's, and I suspect Mary's birth had something to do with Anna's death.


02 March 2018

Georgia Senator Trammell Starr and Whitecapping

Trammell Starr was, by nearly all accounts, a well-respected citizen of North Georgia.  He was a lawyer and held political office, representing Whitfield County beginning in 1894.

But there's also this proposed smear that created headlines across the country in the last month of 1894:

Plain Dealer (Cleveland, Ohio)
15 December 1894 - pg. 1 [via GenealogyBank]

3c27756vA LURID TALE.

A Witness States, Under Oath, That a Ku Klux Society Flourishes in Georgia at the Present Time.

Atlanta, Ga., Dec. 14. – In the trial of the Whitfield county whitecappers in the United States court today, evidence of a highly sensational character was given by one of the witnesses.  The case on trial is that of the United States against C. C. Brown, Berry Turner and W. B. Callahan.  The witness who furnished the sensation was C. F. Ogles, a well known citizen of Tilton.

Mr. Ogles…said that in the spring of 1892 he met with a crowd of men in an old barn at Tilton to form an organization for mutual protection.  He had been advised to join it because he would be safer inside than outside of it…

Three weeks ago [Mr. Ogles] met the same crowd several miles from Tilton for the purpose of electing officers.  The officers elected were Charles Brown, captain; W. L. Brown, lieutenant, and Green Tredwell, Rufe Greer, W. B. Griggs and Frank Morgan, referees…  In talking with other men in Whitfield county he found that they were members.  The witness then told the court that Green Tredwell had told him that Paul Trammell, United States revenue collector for the northern district of Georgia; Mr. Trammell Star, [sic] state senator from that district; Representative Longley, Mr. Martin of the firm of Jones & Martin, lawyers, and Mr. John Black, the mayor of Dalton, were members of this organization, and would protect anyone of them who got into trouble or were taken before the courts.  The story is not believed here.  Collector Trammell and Mr. Starr both laughed at the statement.

"Why, it's well known," said Mr. Trammell, "that both Mr. Starr and myself have been very active in trying to suppress lawlessness in that part of the state.  The charge is ridiculous and there is not one word of truth in it."

Seems like a case of he-said-he-said to me, but the following was published in the Macon Weekly Telegraph (Georgia) two days later.

MaconWeeklyTelegraph17Dec1894THEY ARE NOT WHITECAPS.

Collector Trammell and Senator Starr Fully Exonerated.

Atlanta, Dec. 15. – (Special.) – Internal Revenue Collector Trammell, Senator Starr, Maj. Black of Dalton and the other prominent north Georgians alleged to be members of whitecap organizations by C. F. Ogles, a witness in the United States court, were fully exonerated today.  Collector Trammell himself went upon the stand and denied the charge, while Green Treadwell and Columbus Caldwell, the men whom Ogles claimed gave him his information, also swore that they had never made such statements to him.

Regardless of the accusation and denial above, Trammell Starr was lavished with effusive praise upon his death, which came just four days after his 39th birthday in 1896.  Following published in Volume 14 of The Delta of Sigma Nu Fraternity.

100_8015COL. TRAMMEL STARR IS DEAD.

KAPPA CHAPTER MOURNS WITH ALL OF GEORGIA THE DEATH OF THIS DISTINGUISHED MAN.

Trammell Starr is dead!

Whitfield mourns, and North Georgia cannot be comforted!

Dalton hangs her head in deepest sorrow, and her men, women and children weep over the bier of a beloved brother.

After a sickness of exactly ten weeks, from blood poison, Thursday morning, October 22d, 1896, at 11:30, Col. Trammell Starr breathed his last, at his Thornton Avenue home, surrounded by loving relatives and friends, and devoted wife and children.  For two weeks little hope had been entertained for his ultimate recovery, and he and his have been deeply sorrowing over his condition, and earnestly praying for his recovery.  During all his suffering, he was patient and gentle, and he was fully prepared for the end.  His death was but a happy transition to heaven.

Col. Trammell Starr was born in Gordon county, October 18th, 1858.  His father was John Henry Starr, and his mother's maiden name was Miss Rosetta Trammell (sister of Col. I. N. Trammell) a worthy couple of highly respected, God-fearing people.  He was reared on the farm.  He graduated from the North Georgia Agricultural College in Dahlonega, with his brother Oliver, in 1878, both working for the money to educate themselves.  After leaving college, he taught school at Fort Mountain, Murray county, reading law at the same time, and was admitted to the bar in 1879.  For ten years he lived in Spring Place, practicing law, and for a while was owner and editor of the Murray Times.  He married, in 1884, Miss Onie Kelly, of Spring Place, and came to Dalton in 1890, entering into a partnership with Col. Sam P. Maddox.  He never ran but for one office – State Senator, in 1894 – and was elected by a large majority, leading the Democratic ticket by a good vote.  He has been quite successful in his practice and investments, and leaves an estate worth about $20,000.  We [sic] was a self-made man, and one of the brightest specimens of that species, being at the time of his death, the most prominent young man in North Georgia, one of the purest and ablest men of the State, and with the brightest possible prospects before him.  Had he lived he would have easily been the next Solicitor of the Cherokee Circuit.  He early joined the Masons, and was a Worshipful Master for years.

Three children have blessed his marriage, and he leaves them and a devoted wife to mourn his loss.

He was a man true in every relation of life, and a consistent, working member of the Methodist church, a member of the Board of Stewards, and a painstaking Sunday-school teacher.  As a husband and father, he had no superior; he was loving, devoted and true, and the loss to his family is truly great.  May God heal their broken hearts, and He alone can.

No man in this section could have died whose loss would have been more severely felt in Dalton, and throughout this entire section; no man ever more fully had the whole love of all the people, and no one would have been mourned for more deeply and more generally than Trammell Starr.

His loss is a sad blow to us al.  The Argus and all the people join the family in their sorrow, and sympathize with them in their bereavement.

He will be buried this (Friday) evening at 2:30 o'clock, with Masonic honors from the First Methodist church, Rev. B. F. Fraser officiating.  Full account of the funeral services next week. – Dalton (Ga.) Argus.

Also memorialized on the same stone as Trammell is his son Donald Peyton Starr (27 Jan 1892 - 16 Oct 1933). They were buried at West Hill Cemetery in Dalton.



A Note about Whitecappers

William F. Holmes wrote an essay titled Whitecapping in Late Nineteenth-Century Georgia that was published in the book, From the Old South to the New: Essays on the Transitional South (1981).  In it, he wrote "whitecapping was a term that became widely used in America between 1887 and 1920 to describe vigilante-type raids conducted by bands of disguised men."

moonshinerWhitecapping was (still is, and not incorrectly) commonly associated with racial tensions in the South, as implied in the Ohio newspaper article transcribed above by linking such an organization to the Ku Klux Klan.  Yet Mr. Holmes dedicated his essay to "an outbreak of whitecapping that was directly related to conflicts between federal revenue agents and moonshiners in four north Georgia counties in the 1890s." Basically, those who distilled liquor for a living didn't take too kindly to the taxes levied on them by the Federal government.  The ones who refused to pay the taxes became moonshiners.

According to Mr. Holmes, "Serious conflicts did not begin until 1877, when the commissioner of internal revenue reported that the thousands of illicit stills operating in the southern Appalachians caused the government to lose thousands of dollars annually." The anti-moonshiner campaign began, and violence followed.  For the most part, however, the moonshiners fought back individually or only in small groups.  During Reconstruction, the KKK did offer their services "in some counties" by attacking "people suspected of testifying against [illegal] distillers."

In 1888-89, a "larger and better organized group, the 'Distillers Union,' was formed in Murray County, from which it subsequently spread into the neighboring counties of Gilmer, Whitfield, and Gordon…This secret, oathbound organization…had the original objective of protecting distillers.  Members took an oath, signed in blood, promising to supply alibis for fellow members arrested for moonshining."

Members "also agreed to whip witnesses [with no regard to race] and to drive them out of the region; witnesses who refused to leave would be killed, as would members who violated their oath.  As the whitecap organization grew, it became subdivided within each county into local clubs over which a captain presided." It is one of these such clubs, I believe, Trammell Starr was accused of being a part.


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